The power steering pump provides hydraulic boost to help in preventing over-steering and make controlling the wheel a lot easier. Most vehicles have this device installed. The durability of the pump may decrease over time or it may break or attain damage after being used for a few years or so.
The steering system on the Pontiac Grand Am makes use of a power steering pump along with a variety of mechanisms to help guide and control the vehicle. There may be a need to change the steering pump after a while. It is recommended that you check the pump especially when there is a sudden hardness in steering, fluid in reservoir is not moving with lid off and no leaks to be found.
Consider changing the steering pump at home or any private parking space. If there is a need to replace the pump immediately, remember to park your car in the nearest, safest place you can find for precautions to avoid any accidents. Leave your engine to cool completely before touching the machinery of the vehicle.
Give yourself enough work space. Detach the upper duct and air cleaner assembly. It is required to have the evaporative emissions canister purge solenoid valve removed if the vehicle is installed with one. This valve can be removed by hand. This gives enough space for working on the pump.
Vehicles vary in machinery and there would be cases where you would not be required to take away the upper air cleaner assembly and duct for space. However, all vehicles are to be supported on the engine part using a floor jack. Remove the upper engine mount with a wrench and take out the drive belt from the engine.
Detach the power steering pump with a wrench. A ratchet and socket may also be used for this. Position a pan below the power steering pump to catch any part, screw, bolt or anything that may drop to the floor. This prevents the loss of any materials from the vehicle as you may need them afterwards.
Remove the power steering mounting bolts. Remove the old pump from the engine compartment. Clear your workplace and place the new steering pump and mount it along with the bolts. Tightening bolts would also vary with the kind of vehicle you possess.
It is recommended that the replacement pump is brand new to avoid any complications with the pump and the manufacturer. Check the power steering pump to ensure that it has no scratches leaks and any other deformities.
Reinstall all the pieces that were removed from the vehicle earlier. Load the reservoir of your vehicle with power steering fluid and let the system bleed. Consult your vehicle service manual for the proper procedure for your particular car model.
Refer to the vehicle’s manual for more understanding of the machinery and the system. If more information is needed, or if you are unfamiliar with repairs on your engine bay, call a professional to help you with replacing your pump.