How To Change Front Brake Pads

Just like any other part of the car, your brake pads (front and back) should be checked once in a while. They also wear out over time and will need replacement. Worn out brake pads will cause your wheels to lock-up and will affect your engine performance. Replacing your brake pads is an easy thing to do. Just follow the procedures below.

  1. Prepare the parts and tools that you will need. You will need the following in changing your front brake pads:
    • New brake pads
    • Torque head socket and ratchet
    • Breaker bar
    • Small propane torch
    • New rotor (as needed)
    • Wheel chocks
    • Hydraulic jack
    • Jack stands
    • Flat-tip screw driver
    • Torque wrench
    • Service manual for your vehicle
  2. Remove the front tires. Use the wheel chocks to hold the back tires in place and to prevent the car from rolling backwards. Then loosen the lug nuts of your front wheels while each is still on the ground. Start from the bottom lugs nuts and reserve the top lug nut for last. This will keep the wheel in place while you remove the rest of the lug nuts. Jack up the front end of the car and remove the tires. Make sure that the jack stand has raised the vehicle high enough for it to stand fit. It should be on its proper jacking points and positioned under the front end properly. Place the hydraulic jack carefully onto the jack stands.

  3. Check the brake pads, then remove the caliper bolts. Examine the brake pads for damage. The brake pads are within the calipers on either side of the rotor. You should also check the rotor, a large metal disc, for heat damage. It will appear purple to black if it is damaged by the heat. Now, remove the caliper bolts using your ratchet and torque sockets. Examine the caliper piston for leaks.
  4. Remove the caliper and replace the pads. Carefully remove the caliper. It should not touch or pull the brake hose, for this will cause leaks. Using a flat-nose screwdriver, remove the pad keeper and replace the pads with new ones. Then put back the caliper with the new pads over the rotor. Replace all the caliper bolts securely using your torque sockets and ratchets. Put the wheel back and lock the lug nuts in. Do procedures 2-4 on the other wheel.


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