Most cars have four, six, or eight cylinders. If the car has four cylinders, called the straight-four engine, all of its cylinders are designed to be in a straight line. This configuration is common to cars that have a 2.4-liter engine displacement. An engine of a car with six cylinders is called a V6 engine. This engine has six cylinders and is set in two ways: either in an acute angle, or made the same with the straight-four engine, except it has two more cylinders. An engine with eight cylinders is called V8. Its configuration is the same with V6, but with two additional cylinders. The cylinders on this type of engine are straight-eights and are mounted right or left.
To identify how many cylinders your car has it is necessary to find out how many spark plug wires are connected to each cylinder. Generally, there is one spark plug to a cylinder head.
- Open the hood of your car. The hood of a car is what covers the engine's compartment.
- Look for the spark plug wires. The spark plug is a device connected to the cylinder and ignites fuels into a motive power by means of an electric spark. The wires are located on either the top or the sides of the engine. The common color of the wires is black, blue, or red. Each spark plug wire is connected to the distributor cap or the cylinder head and the wires are usually numbered. In V6 or V8 engines, the spark plug wires are on both sides of the engine.
- Tally how many spark plug wires are present. Counting how many spark plugs you see on your engine will give you the equal number of how many cylinders you have in your car.
- Check if it's numbered. You can also check the engine's surface because most engines have their cylinders numbered.
The piston is responsible for transforming internal combustion into motive power. The more cylinders your car has the more powerful it is and the smoother it will run. It is safe to say as well that the more cylinders your car has, the smaller the mileage is for your gas. Due to usage, cylinder walls are prone to damage and to prevent this, your mechanic can install a cylinder sleeve. The sleeves are placed and fit by inserting the cylinder in the sleeve and heating it by the engine block. When the engine block's temperature goes down, the sleeve gets smaller until it fits around the cylinder.