The lack of knowledge when it comes to troubleshooting car engines can be a confusing task. Car engines are made up of numerous systems that function together to run the car. This makes troubleshooting finicky and more difficult.
Oil problems and small engine problems are examples of effortless and easy-to-repair concerns. Some symptoms like engine hesitation may be caused by many factors.
Troubleshooting simple problems is easy. It can be done by following these steps:
- First is observation. No one knows your car better than you. You will more likely be able to recognize foreign sound or smell. Checking where these abnormal sounds or smells are coming from makes the troubleshooting faster.
- Once you have traced the location of the symptom, it is now time to check its cause. Some problems can be solved by simply cleaning or realigning the engine part that is malfunctioning. If the problem is running down or depletion of oil, filling the oil container will solve the problem.
- If the problem persists after cleaning malfunctioning parts, replacing or repairing the specific engine part would solve the problem. When the problem persists after filling the oil container, cleaning the filters would solve the problem. Also, check the filter for any damages like holes.
Engine hesitation occurs when the car engine seems to slow down or if it takes a while to react when you step on the gas pedal. This may also come with a lack of power. These symptoms may appear when the engine’s temperature is to the extremes or when your vehicle is low on fuel.
Engine idle is one good way to troubleshoot your car’s quality. If the engine stalls when started from an idle state, it may be a symptom that needs examination.
Below is a checklist for troubleshooting engine hesitation and engine idle symptoms.
- Check the air filter or fuel filter if it is dirty or broken. Replacing the filters could solve the problem.
- Check the spark plugs. Dirty and worn out spark plugs need replacements.
- Make sure that the ignition wires are in good condition. Replacing these wires may resolve the problem.
- Check the rotor or distributor cap; the ignition module may be bad.
- Check the gas tank if there is water. Draining the tank then refilling it with fresh gas might solve the problem. Usually this task cannot be done alone.
- A bad accelerator pump or power circuit in a carburetor might be causing your car’s engine problems. Replacing it might solve it.
If your car’s engine overheats faster than usual, try performing the following steps:
- Check if your engine coolant is too low. Refilling the coolant to its proper level might solve this.
- Tighten the engine’s driver belt or replace it if it’s broken.
- Check the cooling fan if it turns on. If it does not, repair its wiring or replace the cooling fan.
- Check the ignition timing. Adjust it adequately.
- Replace or repair broken vacuum lines.
- Check the cylinder head gasket if it is in good condition.
- If mechanical problems occur, it is better to take your vehicle to a specialist.