There are many types of emergency situations you could think of: fire, earthquake, robbery, and so many others. Of course it’s always best to be prepared for any emergency, but more often than not, you would need help coming from a professional service. That’s where emergency services come in.
Different countries and localities offer different types of emergency services for their residents. Many of these services are for free, though they are offered only within specific locations and boundaries. Some of the most common examples of these emergency services include the following: emergency ambulance services, fire and rescue squads, and police assistance in case of crime. In many places, these emergency services are reached separately through different phone numbers, although in many municipal areas they have started using dedicated hotlines that would enable a person to reach a central emergency station, who would determine which service they need and would just patch through their request to the appropriate station.
In the United States, emergency services are usually handled by the county government, under the Department of Fire, Rescue and Emergency Services. For specific information on how to get emergency services at your location and what their contact numbers are, check out your county government web pages and search for emergency services. There are also State offices concerned with emergency management, such as the California Emergency Management Agency and the Massachusetts Office of Emergency Medical Services under the Office of the director of Health and Human Services.
There are emergency international organizations that volunteer to help in giving services to nations that have been devastated by natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and extreme floods. Some of these volunteer organizations would include the International Red Cross (which particularly help the victims of war and of crimes against humanity) and the American Red Cross. Check out their website at redcross.org which show information on jobs and volunteer opportunities.
As has been pointed out, different locations have some variations in their offered emergency services. In virtually all emergency services, however, three services are available: protection against crime (through the police); medical attention that requires speedy treatment (through their ambulances and emergency medical team); and firefighting and rescue services (through firefighters and rescue and relief teams).
Some other emergency services are very case-specific, and are available only in areas where they are usually required. Some of these services include mine and cave rescue operations, mountain rescue, snow patrols, search and rescue operations, bomb disposal, wildland fire suppression, and evacuation services and emergency travel services. In areas where these are not regularly needed, the existing emergency teams usually form ad hoc squads to perform emergency services as the need arises.
To be prepared for an emergency, it’s very important that you know the phone numbers you can call in different cases. Or better yet, memorize them: this way you could contact them even if, say, you’re at a neighbor’s house. Another way to prepare for emergencies would be through carrying an emergency card. An emergency card contains critical medical information about you, such as your blood type, your allergies, the contact number of your physician, and current vital medical condition.
Be sure to check out other ways that you could prepare for an emergency, and check out the ways that your government could help. And of course, find out ways that you yourself could help too! Good luck!