This is the era of information. That is why information accounting has become a very important part of many economic sectors, even medical institutions. Information accounting is not only helpful for providing data but for risk management planning, too. Luckily, there are many information businesses and information organizations that can help any medical institutions, such as hospitals, establish a knowledge management system easily.
For the medical institution, the process of organizing and storing information is called medical information management. The common way of storing a patient's medical records is one way to do it. But medical institutions can also use journals or magazines in releasing information valuable to the public.
History of Medical Information Management
The beginning of medical information systems can be traced to the early 20th century. Then, librarians used to store medical records of patients in the hospital basement. There was no standard system for the network of information. They even used journals and magazines in gathering and storing medical information. Officials did not realize how hard and how important this process was to the medical institutions. So, professionals working in this field were usually poorly paid and information was commonly incomplete.
But things started to change in 1928 when an information organization, the Association of Record Librarians of North America, formalized the collection as well as management of medical information.
Even now, the standards created by this group, now known as the American Health Information Management Association, are being used nationwide and even in a wider network. This also paved the way for better trained groups of professionals to work in this field.
Types of Medical Information Management
From then on, many types of medical information management started to sprout. Some of these are:
- General Health Medical Information Management. Any health information regarding a patient is obtained from general hospitals. The information may include anything health-related from simple allergy attacks to surgical operations. Managing of information is done through checking the information at least once a year.
- Mental Health Medical Information Management. This works similarly to the first system, only that the information gathered, organized, and managed is limited to medical health only. Also, information here is more secure and private.
- Hospital Records Management. This process is simply involving any information about patients admitted into a certain hospital. The management process for this will depend on how large the hospital is.
- Insurance Records Management. This system is established for easy reference whenever the patient has health insurance to use for any medical needs. Information from this type of system is needed also by the insurance companies as reference for giving financial assistance or for framing certain regulations for the insurance holder.
There are still many other types of medical information management. But the usual processes involved with any of these are recording of information from a certain health facility. This may include the documented findings of the doctor, prescriptions, and medical advice. After that, the information should be analyzed and checked to see if the record is complete and accurate. Then, the record is coded and can be used for the billing process, statistical analysis, knowledge management systems, risk management plans, and other uses.