Beekeeping also more technically known as apiculture can be quite a lucrative enterprise. Honey and beeswax have many uses and so there's always a good demand for these products. If you're not squeamish about insects you might want to consider going into this line of work.
- Have the necessary permits in order. Beekeeping is not legal in every state in America. Since this is the case, then you'd have to inquire about it from your local officials and secure any necessary permit before you can start venturing into beekeeping.
- Know everything there is to know about beekeeping. Firstly, ensure that you are not allergic with bees. Secondly, beekeeping follows a lot of established practices for safety and optimized production so make sure that you know all of these details. Reading up on Entomology is imperative to gain knowledge about their life cycle, diet, behavior, predators and the like so as to be successful in this endeavor.
- Select the best location for your beehive. Location is crucial if you want your bees to be healthy and produce honey efficiently. Beehive openings have to be positioned southwards so that the bees get to take advantage of the sunshine and be protected from the fierce winds during the winter season. Of course, flowers, the food source of bees, have to be nearby so that they need not travel far to eat. The selected location for the beehive should also be near a clean water source.
- Acquire all the necessary kits and tools to start your beekeeping. Firstly, buy a package of bees. Beekeeping is best established in the spring so make sure that you place the order for the package way before this to make sure you get your order timely. A queen bee and several honeybees will be contained in a wooden box with specially designed ends made from metal screens. Buy a wooden beehive box, bee smoke equipment which you will use to pacify the bees in cases where you will need to open the wooden box, and a hive tool which will be used to open the wooden box. For protective gears, get a head veil or net, and a pair of sturdy gloves with extended sleeves. Of course, an overall to protect the rest of your body from bee stings is also necessary. You have the option to purchase this although it may be quite pricey. As a cheap alternative, you can sew together old garments to create a bee suit thick enough to ward away stings.
- Observe safety during transport. Make sure that the queen bee is securely isolated from the horde of honeybees. This is essential as the honeybees do not think of the queen bee as part of the colony yet so they may end up killing her.
- Transfer the bees into the assembled wooden beehive box. Create a solution of equal parts of sugar and water and place this inside the smoke equipment. Smoke the bees with the solution to calm them prior to transfer. Put in the small wooden container isolating the queen bee into the beehive box first. After that, simply shake the honeybees onto the queen bee and close the box securely afterwards.
Just like any livestock farmer, a beekeeper has to fully understand the insect that provides his means of living. This knowledge combined with hard work would be key to his success in this business.