Becoming a farmer means tilling the land, caring for animals, and committing to care for his parcel of land. If you are not a lover of nature to start with, then becoming a farmer might not be right for you. Here are some useful tips you can apply to become a farmer.
- Have the necessary knowledge to become a farmer. A degree in college is not needed to become a successful farmer. However, a lot of farm owners, or at least their children, commit to studying various fields of agriculture in formal schools. This is so they get systematic instruction in the care, nurturing and development of their chosen industry. Bear in mind that farming has several sub-fields such as animal husbandry and organic agriculture. Getting structured education will be a great advantage and may result in the efficient management of your farm.
- Select which sub-field to focus on. If you want to raise crops, whether for commercial or personal consumption, then you must make sure that your land has healthy soil. Rehabilitation of the soil may be necessary if the land has not been planted on for a very long time. Likewise, rehabilitation may be needed to bring back the soil's health if mono cropping and/or bombardment of petrochemical fertilizers have been previously practiced. If you are looking at raising cattle for meat or breeding cows for its milk, then it is necessary that your land has enough grazing ground for the said animals. Needless to say, this type of farming will necessitate a relatively big portion of land to accommodate the animals' food needs.
- Come up with the needed funds for this venture. Farming requires a steady flow of funds if you want to make sure that everything is taken care of. Some very common costs a farm owner incurs are water and electricity bills, farm help salaries, retainer fees of specialists such as veterinarians, seedling purchases, and of course, gasoline expenses for transportation of produce.
- Prepare the land for cultivation. If you'll be raising animals, then it's imperative to fence the area in. If you'll be raising crops, then initial cultivation is needed to soften and loosen the soil.
It would be prudent to get connected with people, groups or organizations that are into farming. This way, you get to learn established practices so as to avoid guessing your way through the whole business. Knowing people who are into farming also gives you access to valuable information about the latest trends and technologies which will be of great use in improving your own farm's output.