Teamwork is vital in any group activity, and can be applied in either work or play. Striving to build and improve teamwork can be tough, and may lead to more misunderstanding if not observed properly. Here are some pointers on how teamwork can be achieved:
If you are tasked to handle a team or if you are about to enter a new team, test the waters for any conflict that may exist among two or more teammates. Try to see the severity of it as well. If you are able to observe one, try your best to find ways of resolving it.
Encourage your team to exercise a Paradigm shift. This is better known as "putting yourself in somebody else's shoes". This would help the team to realize or trigger realizations on the importance and benefits of teamwork.
It is more effective that the team members learn from their own realization than you spelling it out for them. You can simulate situations to help them make these realizations, if needed.
Find out which among the team members are the decision makers, influencers and followers. Being able to identify them would tell you how you should deal with each one. Sometimes there is more than one, so be careful in identifying them.
A decision maker is the person who decides for the group. The team members look up to a decision maker whenever a decision needs to be made. Also, observe who among them supports the decision maker. These people are the followers. You may also see people who are what we call "influencers." These are the people whose behavior affects the decision maker.
In handling the team, let the team members appreciate teamwork by making them realize that that it would be easier and more fun for goals to be achieved by the whole team rather than letting them handle every deliverable independent of each other. Co-existence could work but it would not be as easy and as much fun as when it is done with the help or support of other team members.
Let them respect and appreciate each other. Recognize that there are diversities. Each team member has strengths and weaknesses. We can leverage the strength and help out in the weaknesses. Example is when giving a task, if the situation allows, assign the task to the person that exhibits this strength and buddy him up with the one who displays this particular weakness. In this way, the person who has the weakness easily hones the skill thru such exposure.
Provide them opportunities to collaborate with each other. When a task is provided, discuss with them the goal that you want to achieve. Give them the leeway on how to go about meeting this goal. Doing a task together would be an experience for them and would make them have a stronger bond.
Set a good example on how a team player should be. Step forward in the absence of a leader. A team player also steps back to let others shine, when the situation calls for it.
With these pointers, you'll have better chances of improving teamwork and achieve success in your day to day group activities.