Sex or gender discrimination happens when you are subjected to unfair treatment in your workplace or any institution because of your gender. Sometimes it is difficult to distinguish whether or not the inappropriate incident you experience is an indication of gender discrimination, especially if you are not aware of the laws associated with the sex discrimination act. Before you can file any complaint, you have to ensure first that you know how to recognize the issue.
1. Learn about applicable laws of sex discrimination. A number of state and federal laws can help you understand and recognize indications of prejudice based on gender. Here are some examples.
- The Civil Rights Act of 1964 or Equal Employment Opportunities prohibits discrimination of employment based on gender, race, religion and national origin. If you have been with a company for a number of years and you are highly qualified for a job promotion, know what reasons the employer has for not promoting you. It could be entirely different from what this law is ruling.
- The Equal Pay Act of 1963 states that all employers should provide equal compensation for equal work in the same institution. Be aware however, that pay differentials are allowed based on years of tenure, expertise, merit and other factors.
- The U.S. Code Title 42, Chapter 21 - Civil Rights, prohibits discrimination against individuals based on gender, race, religion, age, disability and national origin among other things.
- The Equal Credit Opportunity Act grants equal chance for all credit applicants regardless of sex, race, color, religion, national origin, and marital status among others. Creditors however, have the right to deny your application based on income and expenses, credit history or debts.
- The Fair Housing Act ensures fair housing privileges to people in spite of gender, race, color, religion, marital status, cultural diversity, national origin, and disability.
- The Family and Medical Leave Act rules that all employees have the right to get leave benefits.
- The Pregnancy Discrimination Act makes it unlawful for employers to refuse hiring, job promotion and termination of female workers because of pregnancy or childbirth.
- Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 entitles every person in the United States the right to education programs funded by the federal government, and educational and athletic opportunities for both males and females in schools nationwide.
2. Watch out for untoward behavior. Regardless of where you are, you can recognize sex discrimination by other people's behavioral treatment. You can be rejected, ignored or unwelcome. Notice if you are receiving derogatory remarks or inappropriate and harassing nonverbal gestures.
3. If you are unsure whether or not you are being treated unjustly, refer to the law that best defines your situation. Only then can you make sure if you are unlawfully regarded because of your gender.
What you can do if you experience gender discrimination is to observe carefully. Write down the incident to take note of what happened. In grave cases where you reported the incident to the involved parties and the issue is not addressed appropriately, like you reported the discrimination to your employer but no proper action is established, you can seek advice from a lawyer. There are sex discrimination attorneys who can counsel and help you take the proper course of actions.
In a nation where freedom and liberty are reverently regarded, gender, cultural or religious discrimination should no longer exist. Male or female, black or white, all should be treated justly.