A lesson plan is meant to assist a teacher in guiding students towards achieving learning objectives. The effectiveness of a teacher can be appropriately judged by the effort they put into their lesson plans. An effective lesson plan has clear goals and objectives, an invigorating introduction, solid procedures, and relevant reviews and assessments. A positive student response during the lesson is a critical indicator of an effective lesson plan.
Generally, teachers use a Lesson Plan Template for developing their plans. Such templates are easily available online, or as part of the school curriculum. However, the effectiveness of a lesson plan is not only dependent on the template you use, but rather how you develop each aspect of the lesson plan. Here is how you can develop an effective lesson plan.
- Begin with the basics, such as the grade level of the students you are teaching, the specific subject, what the students are expected to achieve from this subject.
- Clearly define the teaching standards as set by the district or state for that grade level.
- Keep in mind the duration of the class. Make sure that you cover just enough in each session that the students can keep up with you.
- Start with the easier and more interesting topics, so as to capture the student’s attention. Then gradually move on to other more difficult ones.
- Create a vocabulary list for yourself before your start each topic, so that you do not forget the important terms that you have to make sure the students understand. Use easier vocabulary to define each term.
- Certain lessons might require specific materials or equipment for practical work. Make sure that you are completely prepared with the materials or equipment for these.
- The way you introduce a topic is critical in determining whether students will have a genuine interest. Students have the tendency to form their attitude towards a particular lesson in the first few minutes of the lecture. Introduce the topic in a way that you grab their attention in the first five minutes. For example, try to be interactive, like with showing an interesting video relating to the topic.
- Decide on the techniques you are going to use for teaching the content of your lesson. For example, these can include group discussions, case studies, presentations, practical exams, and the like.
- Summarize each lesson into less than 10 pointers, so that the students can understand the gist of the lecture in one go.
- Determine how the students may practice what they have been taught in the lesson. For example give group assignments, or assign individual reports on how the lesson taught can benefit them in their everyday lives.
- Prepare any handouts that you will be giving beforehand so as to avoid any last minute hassles.
- Complete details about the homework you will be giving. Determine beforehand what you want the students to do outside the classroom.
- Evaluate if your lesson plan was effective. The effectiveness is measured against the understanding of the student. If a student has sufficiently understood the subject matter, then the lesson plan can be termed as a sure success.
A lesson plan is a guideline for teachers, which can help the class remain on track and organized. It is a tool that helps you help your students in better understanding the subject matter. If used properly, a lesson plan should help you become a better teacher.