Troubles with Microsoft Vista may include windows not loading completely, installation of incompatible hardware and driver resulting in a system shut down, the dreaded blue screen, and system restart during use. The best tool to deal with these problems or errors is the Windows Recovery Environment or WinRE. This tool is only available for operating systems Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, and Windows Server 2008 R2. If you are using Windows XP, recovery options are available on a Windows XP Recovery CD.
Unlike Windows XP recovery options, WinRE offers a wider range of solutions. Several system recovery options are available using WinRE. These options include Startup Repair, System Restore, Windows Complete PC Restore, Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool and the powerful Command Prompt for advance users.
Startup Repair checks for errors in the startup files. It scans system files and checks for bugs and missing files that may be causing windows not to load properly. If a problem is found, it will repair damaged files and replace them if necessary.
System Restore is used when the system crashes after an installation of some hardware or software. You can choose a restore point where the system will go back into. The good thing about this tool is that your documents and e-mails will be left unchanged after the restoration. Only the system files will be reverted, not the documents. This will only be helpful though if you originally specified a restore point. If there is no user-defined restore point, the recovery point is set at the time you installed windows.
Windows Complete PC Restore returns everything to a restore point when you need it. You should backup your file using Windows Complete PC Restore after you installed all necessary hardware and software. This is to make sure that you do not need to install everything again when you restore your PC. With this you will backup the entirety of your hard disk's data into a single image file. Make sure the system backup is saved in a secure location to avoid infection and data damage on your backup. That backup will serve you for a long time. Every time your PC is infected by a strong virus or there is an unrecoverable error, use this tool to return everything back to what it was at the time the backup is made. The disadvantage of this tool is that all your files written after the backup will be lost. The good thing is that it will only take you five to fifteen minutes to get your PC running again instead of hours of work wasted in installing windows, office, antivirus, drivers, and several other programs that you use.
Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool is used for checking if the system memory (RAM) is in good condition. It checks every memory address and location if there are problems reading and writing data. Memory problems result in slow response time and system crashes so it is a good thing to check the RAM once in a while for errors.
The most powerful of these tools is of course the Command Prompt. Advanced users are only the ones enjoying this though. The command prompt has a set of commands to instruct the PC what to do. The instructions are directly converted by the operating system to the CPU. There are no other processes, which may occur whenever you take command so viruses cannot affect what you are doing. This is why some viruses disable the command prompt so that a programmer cannot use it to stop the infection.
The user can also make a recovery disk. This CD will be useful if WinRE cannot be accessed from the hard drive.
Even though WinRE is useful in general applications, some manufactures like Compaq and HP offer different System Recovery Tools included in the product CD commonly labeled as Compaq recovery disc and HP recovery disc respectively. Take time to visit your brand's site to learn about its unique tools.