Day of week

Zeller's Congruence is an algorithm that calculates a day of the week given
a year, month and day.

Contributor: EARL DUNOVANT

{
EARL DUNOVANT

> Which date is what day For a particular month.

Zeller's Congruence is an algorithm that calculates a day of the week given
a year, month and day. Created in 1887(!). Jeff Duntemann of PC Techniques
fame implemented it in TP in the 11/90 issue of Dr Dobbs Journal, With a
(115 min left), (H)elp, More? major kludge because TP's MOD operator returns a remainder instead of a
True mathematical modulus. I added the Kludge Alert banner that I use in my
own code.
}

Function CalcDayOfWeek(Year, Month, Day : Integer) : Integer;
Var
  Century,
  Holder : Integer;
begin
  { First test For error conditions on input values: }
  if (Year < 0) or (Month < 1) or (Month > 12) or (Day < 1) or (Day > 31) then
    CalcDayOfWeek := -1 { Return -1 to indicate an error }
  else
  { Do the Zeller's Congruence calculation as Zeller himself }
  { described it in "Acta Mathematica" #7, Stockhold, 1887. }
  begin
    { First we separate out the year and the century figures: }
    Century := Year div 100;
    Year := Year MOD 100;
    { Next we adjust the month such that March remains month #3, }
    { but that January and February are months #13 and #14, }
    { *but of the previous year*: }
    if Month < 3 then
    begin
      Inc(Month, 12);
      if Year > 0 then
        Dec(Year, 1) { The year before 2000 is }


      else { 1999, not 20-1... }
      begin
        Year := 99;
        Dec(Century);
      end;
    end;

    { Here's Zeller's seminal black magic: }
    Holder := Day; { Start With the day of month }
    Holder := Holder + (((Month + 1) * 26) div 10); { Calc the increment }
    Holder := Holder + Year; { Add in the year }
    Holder := Holder + (Year div 4); { Correct For leap years }
    Holder := Holder + (Century div 4); { Correct For century years }
    Holder := Holder - Century - Century; { DON'T KNOW WHY HE DID THIS! }
    {***********************KLUDGE ALERT!***************************}
    While Holder < 0 do { Get negative values up into }
      Inc(Holder, 7); { positive territory before }
                                          { taking the MOD... }
    Holder := Holder MOD 7; { Divide by 7 but keep the }
                                          { remainder rather than the }
                                          { quotient }
    {***********************KLUDGE ALERT!***************************}
    { Here we "wrap" Saturday around to be the last day: }
    if Holder = 0 then
      Holder := 7;

    { Zeller kept the Sunday = 1 origin; computer weenies prefer to }
    { start everything With 0, so here's a 20th century kludge: }
    Dec(Holder);

    CalcDayOfWeek := Holder; { Return the end product! }
  end;
end;

 

Share this article!

Follow us!

Find more helpful articles: