How To Make a Research Proposal

Lab experiment

A research proposal concentrates on a particular project and creates a set of structured guidelines to provide justification for the proposed research. If you are to make a proposal whether for academic or business use, read on before you start putting your ideas into writing.

1.    Create an outline.

For every project, it is always beneficial to have a plan. A draft will largely help you how to write your research proposal. Your mind will have the tendency to drift away from your focus when you have plenty of ideas. Using an outline will systematically organize your thoughts and place them on the sections of your proposal accordingly. Start your outline with the significance of your research proposal and the reason for your interest in the study. While you may be required to write in a specific format (that is usually the case with students), your outline should detail necessary elements to project reliability of your study. Your questions and statements must be precisely conveyed. Include a summary of issues and debates associated with your subject, and ensure that you get credible resources from libraries, the Internet, and agencies. Never plagiarize.

2.    Make use of the elements of a good proposal.

  • Statement of the Problem. In some cases, the statement of the problem is incorporated into the introduction. Nevertheless, irrespective of your research field, you should express a problem statement briefly and precisely in a way that it is easily recognized. It should justify the reason to conduct your research.
  • Literature Review. The review of the literature should project that you have comprehensive knowledge about the problem and that you have sufficient methodology to address it. It should persuade the readers that your research proposal would contribute to resolving significant theoretical issues in your study. Carefully structure your content and avoid being repetitive, otherwise readers might think you are not adequately familiar with your proposed project. In this section you will also need to cite important resources and references. 
  • Hypotheses or Questions. Raise new points of view and questions that would stimulate your readers. The need to put your hypotheses to the test should be clearly expressed and must complement the entire context of your study.
  • This section is the central point of your research proposal because it details the procedures you intend to implement. You will need to identify the methods of data collection and analysis including the instruments by which to execute them. Thus resources, references and samples should be put in writing as well. Solid statements should support why your methods are the most fitting to the study. Your methods establish the reliability and soundness of your proposal. Failure to elaborate on how you propose to tackle your problem is usually the reason why proposals are rejected.
  • Significance and Conclusion. Explain how your research would contribute to the development of the area of study. If it needs funding, you will have to persuade the organization that they should support your project because not only is it interesting but undeniably beneficial as well.
  • Budget. Present everything that you will need and the corresponding costs. Carefully study every aspect that needs monetary subsidy so you will neither be over-budgeted or under-budgeted. When you present reasonable costs, your request will be more likely to be considered.

Be cautious of your spelling, grammar and punctuation when writing your proposal. It should be well written and easy to read. Careless writing will make a bad impression.


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