How To Understand and Create a Research Design

Several factors can help research produce credible results.  All these are not just randomly or haphazardly considered and implemented.  Otherwise, there is always that big possibility of missing out on certain important information that may be helpful in formulating correct conclusions.  Just like any other serious endeavor, it needs a detailed plan, one that covers all aspects necessary to present an objective and scientific finding.  Thus, a research design is necessary before any other initial step in actual research.  In fact, it is the backbone of any successful research in any field.  

Even formulating a design for your research would require you to acquire many resources that can act as your references.  These references may be helpful in educating you on related topics such as types, methods, specialists, examples, definitions, etc. Here are some points that you should take before creating a research design.


  • It is a plan that covers the implementation of a research effort.
  • It is where the steps to be taken in achieving the expected results are confirmed in detail.
  • It states the objective and the problem or issue to be dealt with, the needed information, and the methods to be employed in order to get the most accurate findings from which a conclusion can be based.
  • There are two types of research designs. One is the quantitative type while the other is qualitative.  The former has the most advantages that can make a study scientifically precise because of its research techniques, while the latter is most useful when dealing with more complex data resources such as human emotions.


  • Experimental research, as the name implies, is a type of study that bases its findings on an experiment not just from its results but also from the observation of its entire process.
  • A form of evaluation research, the descriptive method is probably the simplest and the most commonly used.  It merely follows the formula of describing a subject, writing about the main features, and formulating conclusions or judgments on it.
  • Action research requires someone to be directly involved in the problem or issue at hand.  If there is the need for research interview, it is to reinforce his own views with that of persons also affected by the issue.

Examples of well-designed and well-written studies are easily obtained from the Internet and other printed sources.  Many of these went through the complicated process of gathering the most information. With data design, these loads of information were narrowed down only to the most significant. For those that gathered data from many individuals, a survey design was usually plotted before any actual canvassing was done.

Even the most acute scientist or academic would not dare to embark on a research study without making a research design. In fact, they spend hours brainstorming on it, making this the hallmark of many great achievements in different fields of knowledge.  Online programs can help you refine the fine points of creating a strong research design.


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