Preparing a lesson plan is the most crucial work a teacher faces everyday. But what it takes to become an effective teacher is an effective formulation of a lesson plan. A well-organized plan will allow you and your students to get the most out of the learning experience. However, planning is not just writing all your ideas in paper and incorporating them immediately during class hours. It is a step-by-step process that must be followed and must be taken into consideration in order to achieve the goal just appropriate to your subject matter.
Here are some guidelines to help you.
- Set you goals and objectives. Fundamental components in formulating an effective lesson plan are goals and objectives. An outlined and detailed list of these priorities will guide you to a structured learning environment with your students. Take note of this--goals are different from objectives in that the latter reflect on SMART (specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, time bound) while the former reflects on the three major domains namely the cognitive (intellect), affective (attitude/values), and psychomotor (skills). With these characteristics it shows that goals appear broader and general as compared to objectives.
- Determine the activity to be performed. After your goals and objectives have been set, choosing a set of learning activities follow. This involves the lesson and units according to the level of your student. Lessons are activities that run for about an hour or two, whereas units are the series of lessons incorporated in a similar source and theme. Creativity is usually required in this step because you are now establishing a concrete learning environment. Your choice of activity may determine whether your plan is effective or not, so it is important to appropriately pick an activity. For example, role playing may not be effectual to preschool, nor building blocks for a sixth grader up. One vital factor under setting activities is the time frame. It should be strictly followed and must be consumed efficiently. Remember the SMART.
- Prepare the materials needed. During activities, your students’ body as an instrument for learning will not function alone. Learning materials should be provided so as to fill the psychomotor domain. Always remember that materials to be used should be incorporated with your objectives. Besides creativity, resourcefulness of the teacher is expected in this step. Resources include books, pamphlets, visual aids, etc.
- Make an outcome criterion. When your plan turns to action, include an assessment of its effectiveness. The teacher’s evaluation to students measures the extent on how learning becomes successful or not. Collect your student’s work and come up with a grading system which pertains to particular objectives earlier outlined. You can also implement quizzes on particular problems and concept to find out if the objectives have been achieved.
Learning how to write a lesson plan a valuable tool that a teacher can have by his side before conducting classes.