How To Parallel Park: Driving Instructions

Learn to Fit in Tight Parking Spaces with These Parallel Parking Tips

Many of us proceed through our driving lives (having utterly failed the parallel parking portion of the driver's license test) without ever mastering this crucial driving skill. We end up paying astronomical parking fees just to avoid parking our car on the street.

Well, no more of that! Whether you're a teenager or a Baby Boomer, it's time to learn how to parallel park a car once and for all. Allow these driving instructions to be your guide.

Relax! First of all, you could still pass your behind-the-wheel exam even if you fail to parallel park. In my case, not only did I shift the car back and forth too many times to pass the parallel parking test, but then I reentered traffic in reverse. In the end, I got my license by focusing on other skills. The lesson: relax! Don't buckle under the pressure. To learn these skills, you have to be in a relaxed state. Whether you're preparing for a driver's exam or you've had your license for years, the first step is to relax.


Start off slowly. Relaxation may not be possible if you're learning to parallel park on a busy street. Take your car to a street that has an occasional car, but the pace is less frenetic. Start off by parking your car along an empty curb. Then, try to parallel park behind a car that's already parked. After that, try parking your car between two cars. Just make sure there is ample space between them at first. As you master each step and grow more comfortable, try to parallel park between cars that are closer to each other. What gives people trouble is the presence of other cars along the curb.

Now that you are ready, follow these instructions (don’t forget the turn signal!):


  1. Assume the position. To parallel park your car behind another car or between cars, first use your turn signal and pull up alongside the front car until your rear bumpers are aligned. There should be enough room for the length of your car to fit plus four to six feet—a couple of feet at each end so that you and your neighbors can pull out easily later. You should always back into a parallel parking spot. Make sure your car is parallel to the front car and a couple of feet from it. And make sure all your mirrors are adjusted so you can check your progress.

  2. Prepare to back into the space. With your foot on the brake, put your car into reverse. Before backing up, check to make sure there are no drivers on your bumper. If you use your turn signal and have pulled up alongside another car, it should be obvious to them that you're trying to parallel park. But we all know that some drivers are totally oblivious.

  3. Teen taking a parallel parking testSetting up the angle, begin to move. Slowly remove your foot from the brake. As the car begins to roll backward, turn your wheel sharply in the direction of the curb. There's no set rule as to how much you have to turn the wheel. The general advice is to turn the wheel considerably at first maybe even as far as it will go. Often, when there is only one car along the curb, you have ample space behind it and won't have to crank the wheel much to angle your car into the space. The more space there is for parking behind the other car, the less severely you'll need to turn your wheel. If there's very little space – whether due to another car or some other obstruction – you should turn your wheel more sharply. Every car handles differently, so practice makes perfect.

  4. Take your time; make adjustments if necessary. As your car rolls backward, angled toward the curb behind the other car, feel free to slow down or stop completely and examine your trajectory. Do you feel that you're angled too much? Too little? You can always shift your car into drive and pull back out of the space to start again.



    How can you tell whether the angle is good? In your mind, project your car backward at its current angle. Where will the car be when your back tire is about a foot or less from the curb? Keeping that point in mind, check out how much room you have behind you from that point, and how much clearance you can expect to have in front between the nose of your car and the rear of the front car. If you make absolutely no adjustment to your angle, this is how much room you'll have for the final phase.Typically, when examining the angle, people make some adjustments. A good beginner's guideline is to stop when your front passenger window is almost to the rear bumper of the other car. If you started by cranking your wheel as far as possible, then you'll want to ease the angle at this point.


  5. Checking the front and back. As you move, be constantly aware of what's happening in front and in back of your car, use your mirrors and keep your windows clear. You must make sure that your angled entry will keep your nose from scraping the other car as you ease up your angle to bring the nose into the space. In the back, make sure your car doesn't run into another car or obstacle, if present.
  6. The goal. In the end, your car should be about a half-foot from the curb and (surprise) parallel to the curb. Make sure your car is an even distance between the car in front and the one behind to facilitate easy exits for all.


Adjustments.You may discover that the space in front of your car's nose is dwindling too rapidly for your car to roll clear of the one in front of you. You may also find yourself too far away from the curb as a result of the adjustment, or simply unable to make it into the space now without bumping a car behind you. If so, then pull back out and start over, making small adjustments. As you do so, keep the following rules in mind:


  • The wider the initial gap between you and the parallel car, the bigger the initial angle you will require.
  • The smaller the available parking space, the bigger the angle you will need.
  • The longer you roll in reverse before angling your car, the bigger the angle you will need.
  • The smaller the initial angle of entry, the greater the space you will need .
  • If your car has a standard transmission, the flow will feel different than with an automatic transmission. You'll have to be a little more active with the gas pedal.

Don't be impatient – experimentation is part of the learning process. Observe the differences in parking as you make these adjustments. Practice for situations when you'll be parking on the left or right side of the road—sometimes you'll have a better feel for one side or the other.

For some visual perspective on the process, hit parallel parking on Google images.

You say you don't have the hand-eye coordination to parallel park? That will improve with practice and these driving tips. You say your car's too big to parallel park in the city? I've seen Hummers parked cleanly alongside the curb. Always choose your spots wisely – too many impossible squeezes can rattle anyone's confidence. The key is to practice in calm environments first, then gradually move to tighter and tenser situations. You'll discover that this once-fearsome parking technique becomes your favorite.

 

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