A callus is a tough skin formation, a natural skin response to repeated pressure, irritation and friction. Calluses are usually found on the feet from constant walking but can form on any part of your body where constant friction and rubbing is present. Calluses can actually be helpful when they do not cause you pain. The tough skin will actually give some protection when you do repeated actions on the callused area, like the callused fingers of guitarists can assist them to glide their fingers easily over the guitar strings. Chefs, rowers, bowlers, tennis players, construction workers, sailors will form calluses on their hands from constant use. Even children can develop calluses from repeated hanging on monkey bars and jungle gyms.
If you want to get rid of calluses for personal and aesthetic reasons, here are some guidelines on choosing the right callus scraper for your needs.
Fit your particular need. Callus scrapers come in different sizes and shapes. Choose one that will correspond to the callused area. If your have calluses on the soles and heels, you need one that is wider and larger. If your calluses are between and under your toes, then you should one that is thinner and longer.
Ergonomic. Different callus scraper makers present different shapes and designs. One product is designed as an oval shape to fit the palm of your hand. This is obviously to be used on large callused areas. Some have longer, straight handles for finer and thinner callus scrapers that are used in between and under toes. Other larger callus scrapers have curved or raised handles for ease of use when you move the scraper back and forth. The raised handle will minimize rubbing against other areas that are not callused. There is another product designed to be more responsive. While you will still do the scraping, the device will lose its grip when softer skin has been reached. This prevents you from over-scraping and injuring yourself.
Fine and coarse surface. Choose a callus scraper that has both a coarse and fine scraping surface. The coarse one is to be used to scrape most of the callus. The fine one is used as a finisher for a smoother skin.
Easy to clean and maintain. Look for a callus scraper that is easy to clean. Some have ceramic frames; others have plastic, stainless steel and other hardy frames. Others are designed to catch the callus shavings. Make sure that this type is easy to take apart so you can easily dispense of the shavings. If you cannot pry it apart using both your hands, then you may have to look for another design.
Multi-purpose. Some callus scrapers have a side where you can stick some pliable nail files which come included in the package. See if this add-on feature is available in the device that you are going to pay for. It is not essential in a callus scraper but it does save you some on buying an extra nail file or emery board.
Make sure that you do not overdo the scraping to prevent injury, especially if you are diabetic. The callus scraper that you should choose should not be very sharp that it can break or skin nor quite dull to make scraping quite difficult.