More and more people are looking into organic alternatives for chemical-based products that are found in the market. Instead of buying soap, you can actually make one on your own. Making your own soap allows you to make soap inexpensively, and allows you to modify the ingredients in your soap so that you can make deodorizing organic soap, skin-softening organic soap, or scented organic soaps. Here are the basic steps to follow.
- Preparation. First of all, you need to make sure that you have all of the ingredients prepared even before you start the project. One of the most important tools that you need for soap making is a graduated scale. You need to make sure that you put in all of the ingredients in the correct proportions, otherwise the compounds in the soap will not balance out and you will end up with soap that is too hard or too soft. Make sure that you check the scale before using. The scale should point to zero at the onset.
- Heat the lye. Next, you will need to take equal amounts of clean water and lye. Remember that lye is a volatile compound that can easily burn your skin. When preparing the lye, make sure that you always use gloves, because you can get severe burns from the lye. Lye also heats up very quickly, so be sure to use only low heat. The water you use should be distilled spring water. Chlorinated water or water with impurities can react negatively with the lye and ruin your soap.
- Add fats. When your lye mixture has already simmered, you need to combine vegetable oil with some natural butter. You will need to use a separate pot for this. Use a thermometer to ensure that the heat is no higher than a hundred degrees. When the temperature is too high, the oils will begin to burn and will start to darken. After a couple of minutes, the butter and the oil should begin to turn into liquid. When it has turned into a liquid, it is time for you to combine it with the lye and water solution. Make sure that both are at a hundred degrees.
- Mixing. When you combine the lye and the fat solution, the result will be glycerin. Glycerin is the basic compound that makes up soap. You will need to mix the solution by hand, taking care to ensure that all of the lye and the fats have fully combined. If there are chunks of unmixed lye in the solution, it can burn your skin when you are using your soap. The substance should start becoming thick and creamy.
- Add essential oils. After combining both the oils, fats, and the lye, it is time to add in your essential oils. The essential oils will give your soap the characteristic sweet smell of soap. Some of the popular essential oils that are used for soap include peppermint, lavender, rosemary, and sage. You can also add some cocoa butter, if you want your soap to soften your skin. To help remove odors, you can also add a dash of zinc oxide. After mixing in all the essential oils, pour into molds.
The soap will dry out in about a day. After drying, you can wrap the soap in wax paper. With these steps, you should be able to make your own organic soap.