The presence of telangiectasia on the face occurs when the skin’s small vessels or capillaries near the surface dilate abnormally due to sun damage or continued inflammation. They are more commonly known as spider veins.
Spider veins on the face are not painful or harmful, though they are a little unsightly. There are several cosmetic procedures for those who wish to reduce their appearance. Here’s how to minimize spider veins on your face.
- Consider laser treatment. This has been proven to be an effective treatment for spider veins on the face. It works best for small isolated areas, which is why it is highly recommended. It is a non invasive, out patient procedure. Intense beams of light are directed directly on the skin causing the broken capillaries to close up due to the heat and fade away. During the treatment, patients will feel a slapping sensation on their skin although no anesthesia or pain medication is required. Patients generally respond immediately after one treatment seeing a 70-80% visible improvement. On average, it will take around 3 sessions to achieve optimum results. Succeeding sessions are spaced three months apart. Patients experience some bruising but these fade away in a few weeks.
- Another option is sclerotherapy, which involves injecting a chemical on the vein that causes it to drain and close. It is a non invasive, out patient procedure that lasts up to about an hour, depending on the number of spider veins. Mild bruising may occur which takes a few weeks to heal. In some cases, discoloration occurs lasting anywhere from 6 to 12 months. In rare cases, some report allergic reaction to the saline solution used. Patients are advised to use a compression bandage for about a week and should avoid heavy exercise, alcohol intake and hot baths a few days after treatment. There should be about a 50% improvement in the reduction of spider veins on the face, though two to six treatments are usually recommended.
- Try grape seed extract for a natural alternative. If you cannot afford laser treatment or sclerotherapy, try topical creams. Facial creams will not be as effective as the treatments performed by a plastic surgeon. Though extensive studies are still undergoing, grape seed extract has been shown to be beneficial to the skin. Other plant-based derivatives are also being considered for the treatment of spider veins, though their efficacy is yet to be proven.
- Try a topical vitamin K cream. The efficacy of vitamin K has not been established in the treatment of spider veins for the face. However, you may consider it.
- Use makeup. A good concealer and foundation will hide any imperfections on your skin. It is a temporary but effective solution.
Prevention is still key in keeping the appearance of spider veins on your face at bay. Sun damage is a know cause so use sunblock. Treat any skin inflammation, such as rosacea, immediately as prolonged skin inflammation causes spider veins.
Most doctors recommend a combination of treatments to minimize the cost to patients. Keep in mind that none of the treatments above have been proven to prevent the reappearance of spider veins in the future.