Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition characterized by the darkening of some spots and areas of the skin. There may be different possible causes for this condition, such as sun damage, age, and skin injuries (including acne). If you’re looking for ways to reduce hyperpigmentation, read on:
Stay away from the sun. As mentioned, one of the leading causes of hyperpigmentation is sun damage. It’s very important that you always wear sunblock with at least an SPF of 30 everyday, whether the sun is out or not. That’s because about 80% of the sun’s harmful rays can penetrate clouds.
Use skin exfoliants. Skin exfoliants are able to scrub away dead skin cells, and polish the newer, healthier skin cells underneath. There are many skin exfoliants available commercially, but you can make your own using natural ingredients. To make a skin exfoliant using pineapple as the main ingredient, click here. However, make sure that you exfoliate your skin at most twice a week, since overexfoliating can prove to be irritating to your sensitive skin.
Use over-the-counter medication. Some of the most common medication that aims to counter hyperpigmentation includes hydroquinone, tretinoin, hydroxy acids and kojic acid. Do make sure that you read the instructions thoroughly, since these ingredients may cause some side effects (the most harmful may be skin cancer).
Take glutathione. Glutathione, which is derived from the protein L-Glutamine, is found to be beneficial to the liver and helps cleanse the body from toxins. Another benefit of glutathione is that it inhibits melanin production, which results in an even white skin. However, it’s been found that glutathione has different levels of effectivity for different people. There are many available glutathione pills in the market today.
Try facial bleaching. Many facial and dermatology centers offer facial bleaching services, and this aims to whiten the skin using chemicals such as hydrogen peroxide. If you try out this treatment, be prepared for your skin to peel and shed afterwards. Never attempt to do your own facial bleaching, as any misstep could cause long-term damage to your skin.
Consult your dermatologist. Your dermatologist may recommend other services such as microdermabrasion, chemical peel and even laser surgery. Microdermabrasion and chemical peel both attempt to take away the top layers of the skin to reveal new, healthier skin underneath. These two services are different in their methods: microdermabrasion uses a high-speed rotary machine which attempts to sand away old skin to reveal new skin underneath, while chemicals such as salicylic acid, lactic acid and glycolic acid are applied to the skin during a chemical peel. Laser surgery uses high-intensity light that the darker pigments in the skin absorb. Once the light is absorbed, these dark pigments are effectively vaporized.
Remember, hyperpigmentation need not to be a permanent condition. Try out the ways that you could effectively reduce hyperpigmentation and you’d be surprised at the improvement of your overall appearance. It’s best that you start first with the easiest and simplest remedies, and if no visible improvement happens after a few months, then it’s time to take your case to a dermatologist. Good luck, and hope this helped you out!