Removing head lice is easier than removing lice nits. These are the eggs of lice and they cling to the hair strand, towards the root to be close to the scalp. There are commercial shampoos and conditioners that are designed to kill head lice effectively but they cannot remove nits. When the nits are hatched between one to two weeks, the small and white organisms that will crawl all over your child’s head are called nymphs which mature into lice. To decrease the growth and eventually remove all lice from the head of your child, it is necessary to remove all the nits before they can be hatched. This is a slow process and you should be very thorough to remove each one. Even one nit that is left can eventually result in infestation. Here are the some tips on how to remove lice nits.
- Use a shampoo that is formulated to kill lice. After you have shampooed the hair and applied thick conditioner, rinse the hair by having your child bend down over the sink or tub and applying jets of water from the nape down to the ends of the hair. Wrap a white towel over your child’s shoulders, place sheets of newspaper on a table and sit the child in a well-lit room.
- Divide the hair into four sections and comb each section using a very fine-tooth comb. Comb from the scalp down to the hair ends. Drop all the lice and nits that fall when you comb the hair into a jar filled with some vinegar. Clean the comb frequently as you continue combing to remove lice and nits that get stuck between the teeth of the comb with a small towel soaked in vinegar and tissues. Place the used tissues in a plastic bag that you can close and dispose of afterwards. Continue combing until you have gone through all hair sections. Repeat this process until all nits and lice are gone.
- Pour vinegar in a plastic spray bottle. Part your child’s hair in sections and spray the vinegar onto the scalp and hair. Protect your child’s top by wrapping a towel over the child’s shoulders. Meanwhile soak another towel in vinegar. After the all the hair has been soaked, wrapped the towel you have soaked in vinegar over your child’s head and leave it on for thirty to sixty minutes, depending on the degree of infestation. Shampoo hair and apply conditioner. Use a fine-tooth comb to remove any lice and nits that may still be clinging to the scalp and hair strands.
- Combine coconut oil or olive oil with a few drops of three essential oils and apply the mixture to the scalp and the hair strands. You can use lavender, peppermint, tea tree, neem, eucalyptus, rosemary or catnip essential oil. The oil will suffocate the lice and soften the glue-like adhesive that makes the nits cling to the hair strands. After thirty minutes comb the hair with a lice comb and catch the dead lice and nits with newspaper placed on the table and a towel wrapped over the shoulders. Some nits and lice may still be alive so make sure that you collect them onto the newspaper and placed it inside a plastic bag, seal it and dispose of it. Sealing the plastic bag will suffocate the lice and kill the nits. Part the hair and check for remaining nits and pick them with your fingers by sliding them down the hair strands. Repeat the process until the hair is free from nits and lice.
- Wash or dry clean pillowcases, bed sheets, clothing, hats, towels, and stuffed toys that have been used by your child while still having lice. Use the hottest setting in the dryer that is applicable to the fabrics you are drying. Vacuum your child’s bedroom and sanitize the mattress. Throw out hair ties, plastic hair curlers and combs.
Check the head of other family members to see if anyone has been infected for immediate treatment. You should check your child’s head daily for at least ten days after you have applied treatment to remove lice and nits.