When signing a contract or when reviewing employment history, most companies often state salaries based on how much the employee earns in a year. This is a pretty common business practice as computing a year's worth of salary can give you an idea on how much taxes you'll be paying. Depending on your contract, companies can opt to pay on a weekly, bi-weekly or monthly basis.
You can easily compute for your monthly salary by following the steps below:
- Determine how much you make annually. You can do this easily by asking your accounting department for a breakdown of your annual wages. It is best that you tell them that you want the Net (or take home pay) amount to account for taxes the company pays on your behalf. For the purpose of instruction, say your annual income is $57,000.
- Next, divide this amount by 12 as there are 12 months in a year and we are computing for your monthly income. Based on the information from step one: 57,000 / 12 = 4,750. Based on this simple formula, we have determined that you earn $4,750 a month.
- Double check your computations by multiplying your monthly salary by 12 months. In this case 4,750 x 12 = 57,000. It seems kind of roundabout but it is the best way to double check if your computations previously are correct. We are talking about your income here. It's best that you make doubly sure that you're getting the correct amount.
Easy-peasy, isn't it? Simple math formulas can break down daunting numbers if you know what variables to plug in.
Keep in mind that this is just your base salary being computed for. The formulas do not include perks, benefits or incremental bonuses like performance bonus, signing bonus, hazard pay, night differential or overtime. These variables will definitely increase your annual pay but it's not something that will come in guaranteed at the end of every month unlike your salary. Some companies are generous with bonuses and others not so much. But you cannot factor in these bonuses as they are not a sure source of income and it would be irresponsible for you to add them in when computing for your monthly wages. This will cause discrepancies in the computation and you may mistakenly declare your monthly income based on those bonuses.
Not factored in the computations either are the taxes you pay. Remember that you asked for net pay (or take home pay) in step one. This means that the numbers were based on how much you were being paid after taxes. The computations for that one are far more complex and would be better answered by an accountant or a tax lawyer.
Money matters are often intimidating and daunting. But with the right frame of mind and a working knowledge of basic salary computations and you will come to the correct amount. Converting your annual income to monthly income is as simple as dividing by the number of months in a year.