Fixed income can have several meanings. When people say they are on a fixed income, that means they have no other means of receiving more income than their pension, security income or both. It can also mean fixed income security, which you receive when you lend money to someone and the borrower pays you fixed interest every month. If you purchase bonds, certificates of deposits, mutual funds, shares, stocks, etc. you are investing in fixed income. By and large, fixed income such as bonds can provide a more stable or steady course of returns. Many people, whether wealthy or seeking financial freedom, favor investing in fixed income investments over other types of savings due to their various benefits. Among the advantages are stable returns, exemption from federal or state tax, flexibility, predictability and reliability of returns, legal rights in cases of dissolution, reduces volatility, and helps other sources of income. To make fixed income investments, consider the following guidelines.
- Understand the different types of fixed income investments. While fixed income can be an excellent choice for savings at any stage in life, do not invest until you know what it can offer you, how you can benefit from it, what types of risks are involved, etc. There are many types of fixed income investments to choose from, and it is always wise to educate yourself on all the available options first in order to know what is appropriate for you. Examples of fixed income investments are regular bonds, fixed bonds, savings bonds, short-term bonds, preferred shares, fixed rate certificates, small saver certificates, money market deposit accounts, treasury bonds, municipal bonds, etc.
- Determine if your choice of investment complements your needs, financial goals, and lifestyle. Explore all the types of fixed income investments and their corresponding categories to ensure you select the one that will help you attain your financial objectives according to your targeted point in time.
- Determine where you are going to invest. This is important to consider, as the risk in this type of investment can emanate from the company that issues you the fixed income security. Understand that companies can declare bankruptcy, and in that case, you cannot regain your original investment. Get pertinent information from different institutions and check where you can find better interest rates. Try to consider investing in bonds issued by the government, as they are relatively safer to invest in.
- Get financial advice. While you can get information and assistance from your very own bank, which knows your financial capacity and requirements, you can always seek help from a professional financial adviser, especially if you are unsure which type of investment to participate in. Your financial adviser can help you determine your overall financial status, your asset income, financial income, and the like in helping you find out which option is suitable for you. Your decision is also made easier by having a professional in the field explain to you all the pros and cons of your possible options.
It is recommended to read and dig into more resources on finance and investment before you embark on a particular type of fixed income investment.