How To Prepare a Diet Plan for Patients with Hypertension

Having a loved one who suffers from hypertension (high blood pressure) can be very difficult. They can't eat the foods that you may normally eat. Hypertensive people need to have a special diet to keep them healthy. If not taken care of, this medical condition can cause strokes, heart disease, arterial aneurysm, asthma, or chronic renal failure. If you have a loved one who has hypertension, here are some diet plans that can guide you in preparing their food.

  1. Low Salt or Low Sodium Diet. The low sodium diet is an eating plan that requires a person to have no more than 1,500 to 2,400 mgs of sodium a day. Along with the proper medication, this is being advised for people who have moderate to severe heart failure, cirrhosis, kidney disease, diabetes, secondary hypertension, labile hypertension, and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Hypertensives should eat more of foods that are naturally low in sodium like seasonings, herbs, fresh fruits and vegetables, dried beans, peas, rice, lentils, pasta, noodles, barley, honey, sugar, unsalted butter, unsalted dry curd cottage cheese, fresh beef, pork, lamb, fish, shrimp, egg, skim milk, yogurt, cereals, soda, coffee, seltzer water, soy milk, and tea.
  2. The DASH Diet Eating Plan. DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. This eating plan is recommended by The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, The National Heart Association, The 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, and the US guidelines for treatment of high blood pressure. It is proven to lower blood pressure in just 14 days. Here are the foods that are included in the DASH Diet Eating Plan and the respective servings that patients should take.
  • Grains and Grain Products. You must include at least 3 whole grain foods each day. You need to have at least 6 to 7 servings a day based on a 1,600 to 3,100 calorie diet, or at least 7 to 8 servings a day based on a 2,000 calorie diet. 
  • Fruits. You need to have at least 4 to 6 servings a day based on a 1,600 to 3,100 calorie diet, or at least 4 to 5 servings a day based on a 2,000 calorie diet. 
  • Vegetables. You need to have at least 4 to 6 servings a day based on a 1,600 to 3,100 calorie diet, or at least 4 to 5 servings a day based on a 2,000 calorie diet. 
  • Low Fat or Non-Fat Dairy Foods. You need to have at least 2 to 4 servings a day based on a 1,600 to 3,100 calorie diet, or at least 2 to 3 servings a day based on a 2,000 calorie diet. 
  • Lean Meats, Fish, or Poultry. You need to have at least 1.5 to 2.5 servings a day based on a 1,600 to 3,100 calorie diet, or at most 2 servings a day based on a 2,000 calorie diet. 
  • Nuts, Seeds, or Legumes. You need to have at least 3 to 6 servings a week based on a 1,600 to 3,100 calorie diet, or at least 4 to 5 servings a week based on a 2,000 calorie diet. 
  • Fats or Sweets. You need to have at least 2 to 4 servings a day based on a 1,600 to 3,100 calorie diet, or a very limited serving a day based on a 2,000 calorie diet. 

If you have someone who has hypertension, help them follow one of these two diet plans. Do not take health for granted. This is one of the most important things in life. As they say, "health is wealth". 

 

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