Rice flour is also known as Mochiko or Turkish. It is made from finely milled rice, either white or brown. Rice flour is available in both white rice flour and the nutty brown rice flour, and it can easily be substituted for other flours, as it will soften the texture of your baked goods. Common flours that it can substitute include cake flour, barley flour or wheat flour. This whole grain flour is higher in nutrients, including Vitamin B complex, and it is higher in fiber. Rice flour is especially good to substitute wheat flour, as wheat flour can cause intestinal irritation and many people have wheat or gluten allergies.
For general baking, you can replace up to 1/4 of the wheat flour in your recipe with brown rice flour. Baked goods will tend to be crumbly, so you can add arrowroot, tapioca or other thickeners, or you can add more eggs. You might need to add more liquid than the recipe calls for, as rice flour absorbs more liquid due to its smaller particle size.
For yeast breads, you can replace up to 1/5 of the wheat flour. To ensure the bread rises enough, try adding a little extra yeast to the recipe. When using as a thickener, rice flour can completely replace the wheat flour, although it will not thicken as well. To replace self-rising flour, substitute 1 cup of flour and add 1/2 teaspoon salt, and 1.5 teaspoons of baking powder.
If the recipe bakes in a thin layer such as a cookie, you can substitute rice flour directly for the wheat flour. Be careful when mixing, which needs to be gentle and for as short a time as possible, as rice flour is more delicate. Place the recipe in the oven immediately to ensure the maximum possible rise.
Combined with tapioca starch and potato starch, rice flour can make an excellent coating for fried foods, such as chicken or fish. Overall, to substitute rice flour, you will get the best results in recipes that do not call for a large quantity for flour. Both white and brown rice flour are commercially available in larger grocery stores, or you can buy a grain mill to make your own. These can be expensive, but you will save money on flour in the long run. There are also many prepared mixes that use rice flour, especially as gluten-free diets have recently been on the rise.