How To Recognize Brain Injury Types and Symptoms

Brain injury can be more common than you think. Any event that can cause head injury or spinal injury can have damage find its way to the brain. Statistics show that brain damage can completely debilitate a person. It's important to know, then, the types of brain injury and what their symptoms are. That way, you can recognize what dangers to avoid. You can also recognize the early symptoms of brain damage and seek rehabilitation for a speedy recovery. You can also get legal advice on accidents that lead to brain injury, and advice from an association that can help you deal with traumatic brain damage. When it comes to brain injury, the sooner you act, the better. Here's some information that can help:

Types of Brain Injury

  1. Concussion. A concussion is caused by any jarring impact to the brain. It's most often caused by strong, sudden blows to the head. If you have the misfortune of getting a concussion, you'll most likely pass out from the brain injury. When you come to, you may feel a little dazed. You might also temporarily lose your vision and sense of balance.
  2. Contusion. A contusion, on the other hand, occurs when the impact is strong enough to actually bruise the brain. The bruise will cause the affected area of your brain to swell, likely due to some bleeding.
  3. Skull fracture. While not directly an injury of the brain, a skull fracture can cause significant brain damage. The cracking of the skull can cause the sharp edges of broken bone to cut into the brain, resulting in a particularly gruesome brain injury. Depending on the gravity of the fracture, there may be heavy bleeding involved.
  4. Hematoma. Something can also go wrong with your brain's blood. A hematoma occurs when the blood clots, usually as a brain is bleeding. This will create another bump in your brain and may lead to serious complications.

These injuries can occur alongside any head injury. Some, like a concussion, have an immediate effect. Others, like a hematoma, can go through undetected for weeks. The same goes for any spinal injury. As such, it's important that you consult with a physician immediately if you feel the following symptoms of brain injury:

Symptoms of Brain Injury

  • Increasingly powerful and recurring headaches
  • Abnormal sleepiness
  • Persistent nausea
  • Unexplainable irritability
  • Confusion
  • Dilated pupils
  • A noticeable difficulty in walking
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Bloody discharge from ears or nose
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures or spasms
  • Weakness
  • Numbness of the limbs

Should you experience any of these symptoms after sustaining any damage to the head or spine, contact your doctor immediately. Brain damage is a very serious matter. Many people have lost their lives, or the ability to function properly, because of brain injury. Schedule an appointment with a neurologist as soon as you can, so that a proper diagnosis can be made. The sooner you know what the exact problem is, the sooner your recovery can happen.


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