Causes of Dry Mouth Syndrome

Dry mouth syndrome, or Xerostomia, is a condition wherein the mouth feels dry and uncomfortable due to the lack of saliva. This can be a chronic condition or it may also be temporary. Some of the symptoms of having dry mouth syndrome include rough and dry tongue, cracked lips, thick saliva, sore throat and a different sense of taste. Dry mouth syndrome is common among adults, but it can also affect a person of any age.

The severity of the dry mouth syndrome can be affected by its cause. There are plenty of causes why one would experience dry mouth syndrome.

Here are some of the causes of dry mouth syndrome:

  1. Medication. Medication is one of the leading causes of dry mouth syndrome. This can include both prescription medication and over the counter medication. Most of the medicines that can cause dry mouth syndrome include decongestants and allergy medications, such as antihistamines. Other medications that can cause this syndrome are antidepressants, blood pressure medication and painkillers. Some cancer treatments are also able to cause it. Salivary glands are affected during radiation treatments. Radiation reduces the amount of saliva that is produced in the mouth. You can tell your dentist about the symptoms that you are feeling, such as dry throat or bleeding gums so that you may be given the right remedies.
  2. Medical Condition. There are also a lot of medical conditions that may cause dry mouth syndrome. Some of these include diabetes, Sjogren’s syndrome, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, Sarcoidosis and others. If you have any of these conditions and are suffering from dry mouth syndrome, you can tell your doctor or dentist. There is no specific treatment for dry mouth syndrome, but there are options, such as saliva substitute, Biotene mouthwash and using a tongue scraper.
  3. Stress and Anxiety. One of the reasons why a person would have dry mouth syndrome is because of too much stress and anxiety. This condition may be common among people who are undergoing hormonal changes, such as going through menopause or pregnancy. Work related stress can also contribute to dry mouth syndrome. It is best to keep track of the severity of the dry mouth syndrome and seek help from a dentist.
  4. Breathing, Smoking and Snoring. These are the simplest causes of dry mouth syndrome. If you are used to breathing with your mouth open, you are more prone to have a dry mouth. This is also the case if you are a snorer. The contents of a cigarette may affect the saliva production in the mouth, and that is why it causes dry mouth syndrome.

These are some of the causes of dry mouth. If your condition is bothering you, you may have to seek help from a dentist so that you will be given a medication or different types of remedies to alleviate the symptoms of dry mouth. This is a common occurrence for many people, and it should not be a cause of worry if it is just a temporary condition.  


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