Modern psychiatry has gone a long way in helping us understand ourselves. Through new developments in the field of psychology, we can now see that people we once labeled as "difficult" may actually be suffering from common psychiatry ailments such as bipolar disorder, depression, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In the archives of general and forensic psychology, we find that disorders such as these can be treated without the need for surgery. If you'd like to help someone, child or adult, whom you suspect may be suffering from a psychological disorder, you'll be relieved to know that treatment is readily available.
Before choosing to administer treatment, however, you should first consult a professional with expertise in psychiatry. Not only is it unsafe to provide treatment without a prescription, but also you may be wrong in assuming that someone has a disorder. For instance, it's possible for a very sad person to not be clinically depressed. As such, you should first get your patient diagnosed before anything else. The tests used in psychiatry are often simple, and sometimes consist of a mere interview. So long as your patient answers truthfully, the diagnosis will be accurate.
Of course, not everyone has expertise in psychiatry. Sometimes, the most difficult thing to do is to identify whether or not someone needs to be diagnosed. Thankfully, there are a number of websites that will help you identify symptoms of these disorders. You're best off referring to those websites that take their information from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), which is pretty much the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) bible for identifying psychiatry ailments.
Here are a few examples of common psychiatry ailments and their suggested treatment:
- Bipolar Disorder. Also known as manic-depression, this disorder is often characterized by massive mood swings. Those suffering from the ailment have periodic moments of deep depression, followed by episodes of mania, or increased hyperactivity and excessively good moods. Those with bipolar disorder, in a sense, have their emotions on a yo-yo.
- Bipolar individuals can seek treatment via medication and therapy. Those who choose to go with medication will usually need to take mood stabilizing drugs such as Lithium and Risperdal to deal with the ups and downs. Another, more extreme form of therapy is electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). ECT involves administering electrical shocks to the patient's system to stabilize his moods.
- Insomnia. Insomnia, or the inability to get a decent amount of sleep, is often tied up with anxiety. Anxious thoughts can keep you awake at night, even though you're not aware of them. A lot of those who practice psychiatry will often recommend anti-anxiety treatment to deal with insomnia. For instance, psychological counseling can help someone deal with the troubles in his head and allow him to sleep better. Other psychiatrists will advise a diet that helps reduce anxiety, supplementing your regular meals with Vitamins D and K, Calcium, and Magnesium.
- ADHD. ADHD is characterized by the inability to maintain one's focus on certain things and by hyperactivity. ADHD is often treated pharmacologically with drugs like Ritalin, or through other methods such as group psychotherapy.
Again, before even trying to administer treatment for suspected psychiatry ailments, always consult a professional psychiatrist first.