Hemorrhoids are veins inside or around the anus that become inflamed and swollen, and are often caused by straining too hard during bowel movements possibly as a result of constipation, although diarrhea can also cause hemorrhoids, as can heavy lifting or sitting for extended periods of time - anything that puts pressure a lot of forced pressure on the rectum. They can cause severe pain, burning during bowel movements, itching and blood in the stool. Hemorrhoids aren't life threatening, but treating them immediately is essential to relief and comfort, as they don't go away on their own. In some rare instances, the inflamed veins can burst, and might require corrective surgery.
Finding a cure for hemorrhoids is relatively simple. There are a number of topical solutions for this problem, and the type of cream or analgesic you decide on should be based on the size of the hemorrhoids and the amount of pain. Topical creams only provide temporary relief and don't always cure the hemorrhoids themselves. Petroleum jelly can be used as a topical solution to cure hemorrhoids, as can a soothing ointment, such as aloe, which will also help decrease swelling. There are also products marketed only for curing hemorrhoids, such as Preparation-H, Venapro, or Tucks pads. While some solutions are a medicated wipe or cream, relief can also come in the form of a spray that's directly applied to the hemorrhoids.
Home remedies are effective, as well, at reducing swelling and curing hemorrhoids. For immediate pain, a pain reliever such as aspirin or acetaminophen can reduce swelling and the pain associated with it. Warm sitz baths several times a day are also a good choice for hemorrhoids, which is a bath in warm water where only the hips and butt are covered by the water. Saline can be added, as well, to help reduce inflammation. Ice packs can also be applied to the area affected by hemorrhoids, to reduce swelling. To help reduce friction against the hemorrhoids while they are being cured, avoid tight or restrictive clothing, opting instead for loose, cotton garments and underwear.
Hemorrhoids can also be internal, meaning the cysts form on the inside of the anus or rectum, and come sometimes come out of the anus. For internal hemorrhoids that require a more serious approach, there are options for curing hemorrhoids, like rubber band ligation which restricts blood flow to the hemorrhoid until it withers, or infrared coagulation, which burns away the tissue of the hemorrhoid.