Cardiac failure or heart failure is one of the leading causes of death of adults around the world. Fatalities are not decreasing and the people suffering from this illness are getting younger. While there are procedures, medicines and heart treatments available to detect or suppress coronary artery disease and coronary heart disease, proper care such as enough exercise and a healthy lifestyle is important to stay thousands of heartbeats away from this life-threatening disease.
A congestive heart falls into two main categories, systolic and diastolic heart failure.
- Systolic heart failure. This heart failure means that the heart is unable to contract. When this happens, the heart is not then be able to pump and circulate enough blood to the body. Sometimes, the condition called pulmonary congestion also happens alongside a systolic heart failure when blood streaming to and from the heart and lungs is not able to obtain pressure to maintain the cycle, thus, blood may excessively flow into the lungs.
- Diastolic heart failure. This condition occurs when the heart is not able to rest properly as needed. So when the heart gets rigid or stiff, it cannot be filled with enough blood it requires to function well. Blood and other body fluids may tend to accumulate in the extremities of the body such as feet or ankles and shoulders.
Congestive heart failure may also be classified according to the side of the heart that is involved:
- Left heart failure. The left side of the heart is in charge of the distribution of oxygenated blood from the lungs to the rest of the body. Failure of the left side of the heart then means there is insufficient oxygenated blood supply. This may also be caused by other medical conditions such as arrhythmia, hypertension, heart valve disease and cardiomyopathy. Symptoms of this illness include shortness of breath, general feeling of tiredness, and fluid accumulation in lungs.
- Right heart failure. Caused by the same conditions for left heart failure, the right heart failure means the blood causes congestion, as there is not enough pressure to pump the blood to go back up the heart and continue circulating in the body. Symptoms of this illness include generalized edema, enlarged liver, and fluid accumulation.
The following is a list of heart failures that are considered to be the top curable types: Nutritional deficiencies related heart failure, Hypertension related, Diabetic cardiomyopathy related, Drug induced cardiomyopathy related, Anemia related, Pregnancy related and beri beri related heart failure.
There are rare types of heart failure such as: Cocaine cardiomyopathy related, Myocarditis related, Myxedema related, Polycythemia vera related, Carcinoid syndrome related, and Thiamine deficiency related heart failure.
There are many causes of heart failure (whether acute or chronic heart disease) and some of them are even congenital, but importantly, adults at risk should take proper overall health measures. It is always best to have regular health check-ups. Consult your doctor immediately if you experience any difficulty breathing or chest pain. Early detection is the first step in fighting this life-threatening disease.