Blood vessels are part of the circulatory system, which consists of the arteries, capillaries, arterioles, venules, and veins. They are the channels for blood transport that convey the blood from the heart to all the cells in the human body. When blood vessels break, tear or get cut, blood will leak out and may flow around or directly into organs as internal bleeding or internal hemorrhaging. The blood may also flow out of the body, and that is called external bleeding or hemorrhaging. Likewise, broken blood vessels can thwart circulation if a blood clot occurs. When platelets in the blood get sticky and clump together to form a mass at the site of the damage, the flow of blood stops. Once the circulation of blood is obstructed, a lot of critical conditions can emerge in the body.
Since blood is responsible for carrying the oxygen throughout the body, the supply of oxygen to tissues, provision of nutrients such as glucose, amino and fatty acids dissolved in blood is impeded, causing the cells to die. Hydraulic functions, regulation of body temperature, regulation of body pH, the body’s self-repair mechanisms, immunological functions, removal of wastes such as urea, lactic acid and carbon dioxide, and detection of foreign materials by antibodies will all malfunction. Blood clotting or blood breaking can cause serious or life threatening conditions if not immediately attended to or treated.
Blood vessels breaking on the face and other parts of the body such as the nose, chin, or cheeks are usually results of aging, birth control pills, pregnancy, childbirth, and estrogen replacement. Broken vessels on these parts of the body are often considered cosmetic problems, which can be treated by laser or facial rejuvenation. Broken blood vessels on the surface of the eye appearing as bright red patches on the white part of the eye are also usually harmless and disappear in a week’s time. They are called subconjunctival hemorrhages. However, hyphema or the blood appearing in the front part of the eye between the cornea and the pupil requires immediate medical attention, as this can cause glaucoma and irreversible loss of vision.
Other critical effects brought about by blood clotting or breaking include stroke, heart attack, shortness of breath, tissue damage and gangrene, organ function loss, brain damage, subsequent disabilities, and death. Thrombosis, the blockage of an artery in the brain by a clot, happens when the part of the brain supplied by the clotted blood vessels is deprived of blood and oxygen. When there is too little blood in the brain, ischemic stroke can occur. Hemorrhagic stroke, on the other hand, happens when there is too much bleeding in the brain. In order to prevent these conditions, it is imperative to be aware of their causes and available treatment. Breaking and clotting of blood vessels has many causes, and they are usually illnesses such as diabetes, leukemia, hemophilia, atrial fibrillation, obesity, and bleeding disorders among others. Common causes also include cholesterol build-up, injury, and blood pressure. As for blood pressure problems, it is always helpful to attend a regular checkup if you are taking blood pressure pills or blood pressure medicine.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and balanced diet, steering clear of alcohol and cigarettes, undergoing regular exercise, and following your physician’s orders can help lower risks of blood vessels breaking or clotting and consequently will keep you away from the effects of broken vessels.