Colon cancer is the growth and multiplication of abnormal cells in the portion found at the end of the digestive system, which is called the colon. This condition is uncomfortable and painful and being diagnosed with colon cancer may cause fear in those who have it. However, there are treatments available to help cure colon cancer:
- Surgery. This is the most common procedure for treating colon cancer. Surgical procedures involve removing the cancerous part of the colon as well as surrounding healthy tissues that may get affected by it. This comes in many types such as surgical resection, which reconnects the colon after the cancerous part is removed, colostomy, which involves placing a colostomy bag into an incision made into the abdominal wall to collect waste, and palliative surgery, which treats symptoms of colon cancer. The type of surgery depends on factors such as the location of the tumor in the colon and the stage of cancer. Side effects of these may be pain and trouble eating and passing stool.
- Chemotherapy. This procedure makes use of drugs to eradicate cancerous cells that are present in the colon or in other parts of the body. This is usually recommended when the colon cancer has grown and spread, thus making colon surgery impractical. This may be used along with radiation therapy in order to enhance the effectiveness of the drugs. The side effects of chemotherapy include hair loss, tiredness, dizziness, and vomiting.
- Radiation therapy. This makes use of radiation to suppress the growth of cancer cells. This is used along with chemotherapy when cancer has spread to other tissues or lymph nodes in the body. This would shrink tumors so that they could be easily removed during surgery. Side effects include bleeding, tiredness, dizziness, and diarrhea.
- Medication. Medication used for colon cancer deals with factors that cause cancer cells to thrive. Some medication attacks the blood vessels of cancerous cells while others destroy chemicals, which make them multiply. These are commonly used along with chemotherapy drugs.
- Clinical therapies. These involve a variety of treatments that are made specifically for the patient. This may make use of experimental procedures and alternative methods depending on the situation, needs and preferences of the patient.
- Alternative methods. These are remedies and therapies that are not practiced by the conventional medical system such as relaxation techniques, hypnosis, meditation, yoga, taichi, acupuncture and others. They may complement your treatments or aggravate your condition so consult a health professional before making use of them.
- New treatments. There are constant developments in treating colon cancer so be updated about any procedures and medications you could take to better treat your condition. You could ask your doctor about them or ask other medical practitioners. You could also research about them in the Internet, in the newspapers, in books and magazines. Before taking any of these treatments, make sure you know the risks and the side-effects involved so that your health may be protected at all times.
Colon cancer is highly treatable so you could relax a bit. Take care of your health and get the treatment, which best suits you.