Minor wounds or cuts are common in our daily activities for both adults and children; may it be at home, office or school and outdoors. But how about the ones caused by a rusty nail? This may cause a bit of stress because metal rust particles have chemical components that are harmful to our body especially on a punctured wound not to mention the pain that goes with it. Here are easy to remember steps on how to treat a rusty nail wound. Follow these quick guides and you will be worry-free and on the go in no time.
- Cleanse. The concern is not too much on the bleeding but the risk of infection so it is very important to cleanse the wound as quickly as possible. Cleanse the wound immediately in running water to wash out the rust and dirt. If the wound is bleeding, apply pressure on the wound with a piece of cotton or sterilized gauze until the bleeding stops. If the bleeding continues in spite of the pressure, position the wound up above your heart and continue to put pressure. You can use a pillow or table to elevate your wound above your heart. If the bleeding has stopped, cleanse again in running water and lather a mild soap over the wound. The soap will further remove other rust debris and any bacteria. If you don’t have soap, water will be sufficient. The sooner you have diluted the wound with running water, the more likely you will be able to remove the unwanted particles therefore reducing the risk of infection.
- Rinse and dry. Rinse thoroughly with running water and carefully pat the wound dry with a clean towel. Ensure that the wound is dry and ready for treatment In spite of antibiotic application; the possibility of infection is likely to grow if wound had not been dried thoroughly. Moisture can be a breeding ground for bacteria that often triggers infection.
- Apply topical antibiotics. Antibiotic ointment is a must have in any household most especially if you have children. It is a great immediate first-aid treatment on any skin abrasion or wound after cleansing. Apply antibiotic ointment to treat wound and reduce pain. This will also speed the healing process and prevent infection. If you don’t have antibiotics at home, proceed with the cleansing and the next two steps and go immediately to your nearest clinic or hospital for application of antibiotic ointment. You may also take a tetanus vaccine shot if you haven’t had one in 5 years. Puncture wounds are very prone to infections and should be treated immediately.
- Rest. Leave the wound to rest for about 30 minutes to allow the wound to relax from the trauma and for the antibiotics to take effect. You may also take oral antibiotics provided it has been prescribed by your doctor. But a topical antibiotic is sufficient for minor cuts and wounds.
- Cover. Put a band-aid, gauze or bandage depending on the size of the broken skin to apply pressure and prevent dirt to infiltrate into the wound which can lead to infection. It is also suggested not to wet the wound at least for three days and minimize activities that would provide risk to the wound during its healing process. This would allow the wound to heal naturally and eventually lead to minimal scarring.
Observe the healing progress of your wound for a few days, if bleeding continues and you have noticed swelling, pain and redness, you should immediately visit your doctor for further examinations.