Changes in weather often bring about different diseases and allergies. For instance, spring brings about warmth, but it’s also a season rife with colds, fevers and the flu. Fall might be a welcome change from the summer heat, but when your kids start intermingling with other students in school, they might catch all sorts of communicable diseases from the common cold, flu, to even something worse.
Keeping a clean body and environment are among the best ways to control the spread of germs and diseases. This involves having common sense and maintaining good hygiene and habits. Here are some tips on how to control germs and help prevent the spread of diseases.
Wash your hands. Frequent hand washing is the number one way of preventing the spread of germs. Germs are everywhere—virtually any surface at home, school, or any place can be a hotbed of germs. It’s therefore important to know the right hand washing techniques, and to wash frequently.
First, rinse both hands thoroughly. Then, apply soap, making sure you rub on all corners and crevices of your hands, fingers, wrists and nails. Then rinse thoroughly, and dry with an air dryer or paper towel. If you must hold a bathroom doorknob to open the door, it will be a good idea to use paper towel—you just washed your hands, after all!
If a faucet and soap are unavailable, you can use hand sanitizers. These can be conveniently carried in your pocket or purse. Wash your hands before and after meals, and after handling anything potentially dirty (which can mean anything).
Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Once germs have stuck to the surface of your hands, there are only a few points of entry where these can do some damage. These are usually body openings and mucus membranes—particularly the eyes, nose and mouth. Avoid touching these whenever you are outside. Again, be sure to wash your hands properly before eating.
In the same light, cover your mouth and nose whenever you sneeze or cough. Make it a point to protect others around you, too, by keeping the spread of germs at a minimum.
Clean your house. Any place can be infested with germs, especially if these are dusty and dirty. Make it a point to clean your house regularly. Light cleaning can involve wiping surfaces with a cloth dampened with cleaning agents like detergent and disinfectant. Vacuum carpets. Sweep and mop floors. Air out beds once a week. Disinfect the bathroom regularly, too.
Maintain proper hygiene. Apart from cleaning your surroundings, you should also be clean, yourself. Sweat stuck in clothing and your skin’s pores are also breeding grounds for germs and bacteria. Make it a point to shower every day, and most especially after getting into vigorous activity like sports and working out.
Avoid crowded places. Try to avoid going to places that are too crowded. Communicable diseases usually move to people within a certain radius (about three feet or so), especially if the sick person sneezes or coughs. You never know if you’re already inhaling droplets from another person’s coughing, which contain germs. These can incubate in your body for a few days before manifesting. If you must go to crowded places, wear a face mask if you are sick. This helps prevent the spread of your germs.
Keeping germs from spreading will require a responsible mindset. Keep clean and maintain good hygiene. You are not only helping yourself by avoiding sickness. You might also be helping other people by keeping the spread of germs to a minimum.