Hemorrhagic stroke is a term that is used to describe the rupture of blood vessels in the brain. Because the brain is a very sensitive organ, the rupture can be fatal. Even in cases where the brain rupture is not fatal, there is a very high chance that the stroke will have some major effects on the patient. If you are living with someone who has had hemorrhagic stroke, here are some ways to deal with the situation.
- Know the cause. First of all, you should be aware of the leading causes of hemorrhagic stroke. In the United States alone, there are up to 150,000 cases reported each year. Usually, the cause of the stroke is high blood pressure or hypertension, or excessive use of anticoagulants. Anticoagulants are usually used for people who have hypertension, which means that there is risk when someone is hypertensive, but there are also risks when the medication for this condition is used excessively. In rare cases, the vessels in the brain may simply be weak, which can cause the tearing.
- Know your options. If someone gets a hemorrhagic stroke, the best option is to go to surgery. Surgery is the best way to get into the brain and minimize the bleeding. Usually, a neuro surgeon will be able to locate the damaged vessels and use clamps to close the vessels and prevent further bleeding. The surgery is best done when the patient is already stable, but not exceeding 72 hours. After 72 hours, the bleeding may have caused major and permanent damage.
- Look out for clots. After the hemorrhagic stroke, one of the usual problems that patients will have is clotting, which can be just as dangerous as the actual stroke. Because of this, the patient should be kept in the hospital for the next couple of days, to be determined by the doctor. In the hospital, the nurses and doctors can monitor the brain and scan it every now and then to check if there are clots forming in the brain. The doctors can also monitor the healing process for the brain.
- Therapy. After surgery, the bleeding will stop. Hemorrhagic stroke, however, has far greater consequences. It is common for victims of hemorrhagic strokes to get paralysis or lose function and control over some body parts. One of the most common bodily functions that they will lose is the ability to swallow. Because of this, there is a very high chance of liquid and food getting into the lungs. To prevent this, most doctors will recommend a specialized diet that is composed of easy to digest and easy to swallow food and liquids that are thick enough to pass to the stomach, and not to the lungs. To minimize and eventually repair the damage caused by the stroke, the patient should undergo physical therapy.
Finally, you should also check the body of the patient for bed sores.
Because most patients are bed ridden, bed sores develop rapidly in the
body. Make sure to turn the patient every so often, and to give him
few minutes out of the bed, to get blood to circulate, and to prevent
sores from forming.