Kidney stones are crystallized urine chemicals. They occur most commonly in men, although women are also predisposed to having them. Kidney stones can appear in a person as young as 20 to as old as 70. Large kidney stones cause severe pain and have to be surgically removed. Small ones, although also painful, can be passed at home through urination. In fact, in other cases, they pass without notice. Passing kidney stones may take hours to days, but how long generally varies from person to person. In order to speed up the process, you can use the following tips.
Drink lots of water. Drinking plenty of water encourages urination and therefore kidney stone passage. You should drink around six to eight glasses of water or more depending on your activities and how often you get thirsty. Better if you add a few drops of lemon extract in your water. Lemon juice has citric acid that helps break down kidney stones. You know you are drinking enough water if your urine is pale yellow in color.
Get some exercise. Commit yourself to a physical activity to help the mobilization of the kidney stones. Having kidney stones is rather painful and may prompt you to spend the day lying, but that actually does nothing to help get rid of the kidney stones. If you can’t move as much as you normally would, it’s okay to tone down your activities a bit and stick to easy-to-do exercises. In fact, brisk walking and going up and down the stairs are usually enough. What’s important is you get your body moving.
Drink beer. Beer can naturally encourage urination and help flush out kidney stones, so try to drink beer once a day. Other liquids, however, are not recommended especially those that are carbonated and caffeinated. These kinds can make you dehydrated and therefore prevent the passage of kidney stones.
Take a painkiller. Your doctor may prescribe you with medications to relieve the pain caused by the presence of the kidney stones. Over-the-counter painkiller may also help.
Eat foods high in citrates. Citrates work to prevent calcium from amassing. Calcium is among the substances that form kidney stones, so when there is too much calcium, your kidney stones are likely to grow big. Grapes, oranges, and carrots are found to have sufficient amount of citrates.
Strain your urine. When you urinate, use a urine strainer to find out if the kidney stones have already passed. If they have, bring the kidney stones to your doctor, so he can see examine them and identify their chemical content and ultimately their type.
If you are feeling extreme pain and producing pinkish urine (which means your urine has a tinge of blood), immediately go to your doctor. It could be that the kidney stones have obstructed the urine flow. Other symptoms like fever, chilling, and vomiting may also necessitate prompt medical attention. Also, remember that kidney stones are likely to occur again, so better ask your doctor what lifestyle changes you have to implement to avoid having them.