There are many different types of massage, but some basic moves can prepare you to give a relaxing back massage that can ease the pain of others and help them to relax. It may take some practice and you should get better and better at it as you practice.
To give a great back massage:
Choose your oil or lotion. You may need to try a few to find one you really like. You will want a massage oil or lotion. Something that is made for that purpose and something that has a pleasant smell. It works best if it is light.
Have the person who is getting the back massage get ready. It is important that a massage be given on the bare skin. To keep modesty (if this is an issue), a sheet can be used, and the person can stay covered under the sheet (underclothes can also be kept on).
Apply the oil or lotion. Add just a few lines of oil or lotion. You don't want to get carried away, but you will need enough for your hands to glide over the surface of the skin. It's easier to add a little more, if necessary, than it is to get excess oil cleaned up.
Begin your back massage with long, slow strokes. Start at the lower back. Keep your hands spread out and slowly stroke your hands up. Apply medium pressure. Keep stroking all the way up to the top of the shoulders. Continue this for a number of minutes. It will help the person relax and get the back massage started on the right note.
Massage knots and tight spots. Once the person is relaxed by your broad, slow massaging, target the specific knots and tight muscles. Gently massage the muscles of the shoulders in circular motions. Don't press too hard. You can also massage down either side of the spine to the lower back. Make sure you are careful of the shoulder blades and spine.
Make sure you listen to the person you are massaging. Let them know you want their feedback. Ask how it feels, what they like best, and make sure they are letting you know if it hurts. It is important that you pay attention to what they like and dislike -- most importantly you need to stop doing what hurts them!
Continue a combination of these strokes throughout the length of the back massage. Add oil as you need it, which you will know as your hands start to stick and no longer glide over the surface of the skin. Make sure that you don't hurt your wrists giving a back massage; only go as long as your body will let you without pain. The more you practice, the better you will get, especially if you pay attention to the person's likes and dislikes.