Undergoing a gastric bypass surgery requires a lot of consideration before you decide to subject yourself to such procedure. Though it is becoming a popular option in correcting weight problems for obese people in the United States, you need to weigh first all the pros and cons with the help of a support group because the complications that may set in after the surgery could be irreversible.
Gastric bypass surgery is otherwise known as weight loss surgery or bariatic bypass. This type of stomach surgery is performed by doctors on the gastric sleeve to alter your digestive system so that the volume of food your stomach can hold and handle is significantly reduced, hence resulting to weight loss.
Due to the complications that may result from the procedures, gastric bypass surgery should be allowed on people who are morbidly obese to lower their risks from health and medical problems associated with excessive body weight. The following are the complications that can arise from gastric bypass procedures:
Hemorrhage. Since gastric bypass surgery involves the sectioning of the stomach as well as rearranging the small intestines to change your digestive function, incisions on several blood vessels are necessary. Because of this method, bleeding is inevitable. Sometimes the bleeding gets out of hand and results to blood loss. Too much blood loss can pose great danger on life, hence transfusions are inevitable.
Infection. Since this stomach surgery requires works on both large and small intestines, you may run the risk of infection due to the duodenal switch that may release bacteria coming from the bowel. Internal organs such as kidneys, bladder and liver become exposed to infection and sepsis (infection of the blood) may set in. Infection may be treated by antibiotics although there is no assurance these medications will give absolute protection.
Hernia. Since gastric bypass surgery intervenes with the arrangement of the intestines, hernia sometimes results as a complication. Internal hernia and incisional hernia are forms of complications in which the former results to bowel hindrance while the latter sets in when there are incisions that don’t immediately repair, resulting to exposure of contents of the abdomen.
Bowel becomes obstructed. This complication is actually an aftermath of hernia. It usually takes place when bowel gets locked in due to resulting complications from hernia. This problem may not immediately occur after the surgery and may happen even years following the procedure.
Dumping syndrome. Because gastric bypass surgery alters the normal physiological system of the stomach, there is a tendency for certain functions to change. One example of this is when a patient takes in sugar whereby, after bypass surgery, the sugar quickly moves into the bowel and is immediately flushed out from the body. Patients suffering from this syndrome may suddenly perspire and feel faint.
Nutritional deficiency. Gastric bypass operation is aimed at lessening the food intake of the patient by modifying the normal digestive course. Thus, it takes just a small amount of food for the person to feel fullness and satisfaction. This way, the patient will easily lose weight. The setback here however is that, with the decrease in food intake, the patient may not be able to consume enough food to meet the body’s nutritional needs. To counter this problem, doctors usually recommend special diets and instructions to the patient to make sure nutrition is not sacrificed after gastric bypass operation.