The normal body temperature for humans is 37˚ C. When the temperature of one’s body rises above the average body thermal reading, the person has a fever. Fever is a common ailment in infants. Infant fever sometimes occurs even in newborn babies. This is because children usually suffer physiological imbalance, discomfort and dehydration. Although many infants experience fevers, it is usually the infant immune system’s simple reaction against day-to-day germs and viruses. According to studies, newborn fever is not contagious – contrary to what most people think. It is only a signal that there is an irregularity in the body.
Here are ways for you to identify infant fever symptoms.
2. Through physical examinations. Aside from checking the infant’s temperature, you can tell that your baby has a fever if the child shows the following signs and symptoms.
- Dejected crying – if you cannot stop your child from crying due to the feeling of uneasiness.
- Unusual sleepiness – if you notice that your infant is very sickly when awake and has an irregular sleeping pattern.
- Occurrence of rashes – you see red nips on your baby’s skin that makes him irritable.
- Trouble in breathing – if you observe that your newborn has an unstable breathing pattern.
- Abnormal skin color – aside from the breakouts of rashes you must observe your child’s skin color if it turns dull or bluish.
- Loss of appetite and dehydration – the child refuses to take in food and milk, making the child weak and impoverished.
- Vomiting – children will throw up solid food because of difficulty in swallowing.
- Convulsion – if a child suffers convulsions, this means that the fever is very high and needs immediate professional health treatment.
2. Through laboratory tests. Another effective way of diagnosing the symptoms of fever in infants is to undergo series of laboratory tests. Below are some of the examinations done in the testing room.
- Blood test – this will count the number of white blood cells present in the infant’s body. The normal count should be around 15,000 to 16,000 per uL. White blood cells are the body’s first line of defense against infections.
- Urinalysis – urine samples must be brought to the lab for testing since fever is sometimes cause by urinary tract infections. Such disorders are frequently in children below one year old.
- Chest X-ray – fever is at times caused by respiratory problem like cough and nasal flaring especially during viral infections. It is best to bring your baby to a radiologist who will examine the chest to prevent complications resulting in more serious diseases.
Through these steps, you will be able to determine whether your own child has fever. For a more accurate diagnosis, however, consult with a pediatrician.