CPR, also known as Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, is an effective way to save anybody's life. It is truly an invaluable strategy that anyone can learn. What it basically does is that when the heart stops beating, it revives it by clearing the airway and thrusting the heart with rhythmic pumps until the person starts to breathe again. Hence the term “Cardiopulmonary”, which means the involvement of heart (cardio) and lungs (pulmonary) and “Resuscitation” which means to resuscitate or to revive. However, it is important that you attend courses that would certify you to do this delicate but important procedure. This is perfect if you want to be a flight attendant, lifeguard, fireman, policeman, etc. To learn more about how to open the airway for CPR, here is a step by step guide that you can easily follow.
- Before opening the airway and starting CPR, you need to check if the person is conscious or unconscious. If the person is conscious, tap or shake his shoulder and ask if he is okay very loudly. However, if he does not respond, ask someone to call the local emergency hotline or 911. You can then begin the first steps of CPR.
- You have to make sure that the airway is clear and open. Gently put the person on his back on a firm and flat surface. Kneel next to the person's shoulders and neck.
- You need to check first if there are any objects that may hinder the airway. If you find any object, it is important that you remove it carefully but fast.
- You can open the airway by applying the head-tilt, chin-lift strategy. Start by putting your palm flat on the person's forehead and carefully tilt his head back. With the other hand, gently lift the chin up forward. This will successfully remove the person's tongue from blocking the air passage.
- Next step is checking for any signs of breathing, normal or not. This should take less than ten seconds so make sure you do this very fast. Closely study the person's chest if there are any breathing motion or movement. Feel it by using your cheek for any signs of breathing. Remember, gasping is not normal. Do not consider it as regular breathing.
- If you have determined that the person is not breathing or is not breathing normally, start mouth to mouth resuscitation. However, if the person suffered from a heart attack, skip this step and immediately pump his chest as hard as you can continuously.
- You can now proceed with CPR. The person's airway is open.
It is very important that you keep on doing this procedure until the person starts to breathe or until an emergency medical attendant takes over. Do not panic or else you will not be able to do this properly hence failing to save a person's life. Remember, panicking will not do you any good so focus on what you need to do. It surely is worth it. Good luck!