Vertigo is the medical term used to describe a specific type of dizziness, which gives you the sensation of floating, or spinning or having the surrounding objects spin about you. This condition is usually associated with a disruption in the inner ear or Meniere's disease and labyrinthitis that affects the body's balance mechanisms. Other common causes include medications, common cold and flu, bacterial infection, brain injury, and cranial pressure among others. Nausea, vomiting, loss of balance, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, involuntary eye movements, and fatigue are frequent symptoms that go with vertigo and usually trigger it when you make dramatic movements or changes in position.
Unexpected vertigo attacks can be very dangerous, not to mention life-threatening, especially if the attacks become pervasive. You become highly at risk to injury from falling or hitting your head, vehicular accident if you are driving, and other harmful situations. If you are experiencing brief bouts of symptoms but have not yet referred your condition to your doctor, thinking they were only ordinary dizzy spells, it is time for you to do some precautions to overcome vertigo and any potential illness associated with it.
- Consult your physician to determine what type of condition you have. It is better to be sure that the sudden bouts of dizziness are symptoms of vertigo, than to assume you have vertigo when what you have are symptoms of a more serious illness such as brain disease, tumor or stroke. Always refer to your doctor when you experience conditions affecting the head or brain. You cannot go for treatment unless you are properly diagnosed.
- All medications and treatment, including therapeutic exercises should only be performed as recommended by your physician. If you opt for home or natural remedies found in fruits or plant seeds, inform your doctor to be extra safe and avoid chemical interaction in case you are given drug prescriptions. Vitamins E and C, hawthorn, red raspberry, mistletoe, and ginkgo extract are some supplements known to help circulation to the brain.
- Increase your daily water intake. Recommended water consumption is at least eight glasses of water every day. However, if you are doing sports or physically active every day, it is suggested to increase your water consumption to avoid dehydration. Lack of water in the body can disrupt normal functioning of the body systems that can also lead to vertigo.
- Avoid smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages as these only aggravate symptoms of vertigo. Maintain a low-salt diet or ask your doctor for diet recommendations.
- During attacks, lie down slowly or if you are outside, sit where you are safe and wait until you get your balance. If you are given prescriptions, it is always safe to bring medication wherever you go to help deal with sudden onsets of vertigo.
- Do regular exercises to stay in shape and reduce stress. Stress is another factor that triggers vertigo. Do away with unwanted stress and make efforts to stay physically fit.
For people experiencing vertigo symptoms, it is imperative to always be ready for potential attacks. Understand the pattern prior to onsets of symptoms in order to know what factors set them off and know how to avoid them.