Did you know that depression affects at least 15 million Americans each year and that it affects one out of every 33 kids? Do you know that only 10 percent of the elderly who have depression get treatment for it, and that over 2/3 of reported suicides are caused by clinical depression? What is alarming is that people are not aware of the symptoms and causes of depression, which makes it difficult to foresee and help those who need treatment. Depression can be detected and treated if you take the time to learn about the causes of depression. Here are some of basics that you need to know about.
- Know what clinical depression or depression is. Clinical depression is a common mental disorder with varying gravity. There are different types of depression, such as premenstrual dysphoric disorder, postpartum depression, seasonal affective disorder (SAD), substance-induced mood disorder, mood disorder due to a general medical condition, cyclothymic disorder, dysthymic disorder, bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder. Of these types, the last two are the most serious types. People have a misconception that a person has clinical depression only if he has been depressed for a long time. This is not true, and even milder forms of depression need immediate treatment.
- List of general causes of clinical depression. Experts disagree as to the exact causes but all agree that depression is due to a combination of factors, like chemical imbalance, biological, physical or hereditary factors, and psychological or social factors. It can also be induced by drug use or side effect of certain medication. The causes for each type of depression may be different from the other, and most differ from one individual case to the next.
- Causes of clinical depression—a brief explanation. Hereditary factors are a cause of depression, meaning if this runs in the family, other member are likely to have it too. Depression is in part caused by chemical imbalances in the brain. Trauma and stress, which in turn is the product of terrible events like the loss of a loved one, or ending a relationship or going through a divorce, can also lead to depression. Depression can also be a manifestation of other psychological disorders like schizophrenia and eating disorder. It can also be a side effect of certain drugs such as depressants, or caused by excessive alcohol intake or drug abuse.
- Other sources of information. There are plenty of online resources in the web that will help you find information about depression. Some of the sites which you can visit are Depression, Psychology Info, and Doc Guide.
By learning about the causes of depression, you are empowering yourself and others you can come in contact with and with whom you can share this information. However, if you think you, a friend or a loved is experiencing clinical depression, do not take the symptoms for granted and consult a doctor immediately. Never self-medicate. The information you find in the web are for general information purposes only and is not meant to take the place of your doctor’s professional assessment of you or your loved one’s case.