When the blood and oxygen supply to the brain is interrupted in any way, a stroke happens. Part of the brain cells may die from lack of blood supply. As the brain controls the body, some of its functions may be damaged by a stroke.
A mini-stroke or a transient ischemic attack is a stroke that last for only a few minutes, occurring due to a temporary interruption of blood supply to the brain. It can happen suddenly, the same way a stroke does but may have a few, if any lasting effects. Most of the symptoms disappear within an hour. At most they can last for one whole day.
Symptoms of a mini-stroke may include weakness or numbness in the face, the arm or the leg, mostly occurring on one side of the body. Some exhibit difficulty in talking, have blurred vision in one or both eyes or may find it difficult to walk due to loss of coordination and balance. Some also experience dizziness and difficulty when trying to talk.
A victim of a mini-stroke should focus on preventing another one from happening. Some of the steps to recovery after a mini-stroke are listed below.
- Visit your doctor and have a thorough examination. A mini-stroke can be a symptom of a far more dangerous illness that requires treatment and maintenance. Most people who have suffered a mini-stroke are prescribed anti-blood clotting medication. The TIA is usually caused by some fatty tissues that enters the blood stream or a blood clot that can occur in any part of your circulatory system and travels upwards which causes the temporary loss of blood supply to your brain.
- Aspirin and other medicines prescribed for coronary artery disease are effective at reducing the occurrence of stroke and transient ischemic attack or ITA. Ask your doctor if you have to take any medication to prevent another ITA episode and what type of medicine you need to take for maintenance.
- Some people who have had TIA episodes may be required to undergo a surgical procedure to remove atherosclerotic deposits from the neck artery to improve the flow of blood to the patient’s brain.
- You need a change in diet and increase your fiber and liquid intake. Foods high in bad cholesterol should be avoided. You may also have diabetes and you should have your blood sugar checked. You should also reduce the amount of salt in your food as salt can also lead to high blood pressure.
- Exercise to keep fit and to lose some weight. Overweight and obesity can also cause TIA. Keep to a regular routine of daily physical activity that will burn more calories to reduce the fat deposit in your system and improve your circulation.
- Stop smoking and reduce your alcohol intake. Smoking increases the risk of you having a TIA episode that can lead to a stroke. Alcohol can contribute to your weight gain, which can tax your lungs and your heart.
Maintain a healthy and happy lifestyle. Be physically active and exercise more. Regulate your diet and keep to a regular weight. These are factors that will help to condition your body, recover faster from a mini-stroke and help reduce the occurrence of another TIA episode.