Bed wetting is a common condition suffered primarily by children in the below 10 year age group; though there have been instances when the bed wetting might have continued beyond the age of 10. Bed wetting is medically termed as "enuresis", and is a condition that can afflict both children and adults, alike. For children, bed wetting is a very embarrassing and shameful condition; it requires patience and understanding on part of parents to help their children over this stage in their lives. The reasons why bed wetting occurs are myriad - lack of bladder control, size of the urinary bladder, stress, lack of sleep, urinary infection, a family history or an irritated bowel syndrome. There are a few ways in which bed wetting can be stopped; though in some extreme cases, medical assistance may be required. Read through the various steps listed below to find out how you can stop bed wetting.
Patience and understanding. It doesn't help to get angry or blame the child for bed wetting. This is a condition children are not equipped to control, especially when they are very young. What definitely helps is patience and compassion on the part of parents. It is important to make children understand that this is a natural phenomenon, which they can cope with and stop with the passage of time. Do not let stress and anxiety over the problem exacerbate it.
No liquids before bedtime. If your child has a bed wetting problem, do not allow them to have any liquids at least one or more hours before bedtime. In particular, avoid any sugary or caffeinated drinks such as soda or soft drinks.
Get adequate sleep. Ensure children have a set sleep-and-wake cycle. Bedtimes should be sacrosanct and try to avoid any change in the routine or times your child goes to sleep. Usually, inadequate or disturbed sleeping habits will make the child sleep so deeply that he-she may bed wet and not be aware of it at all or will not be able to wake up in time to go to the bathroom.
Bladder control. Get your child habituated to controlling their bladder for successively longer periods, especially during daytime. As their bladder control improves, so also will the nocturnal bed wetting.
Medical assistance. If the bed wetting problem continues to occur in spite of the steps mentioned above, or if passing urine is painful or difficult for your child, it is best to have a doctor examine your child. The doctor may prescribe medication to control the problem. Bed wetting is also an indicative symptom of more serious illness such as diabetes or urinary tract infections, so the sooner you get your child examined by a qualified pediatrician, the better it will be.
Avoid stress and anxiety. At times, your child may start bed wetting suddenly, or it could have been stopped with proper assistance and medication, but has started recurring; the culprit could be stress or anxiety. Find out if there is something bothering your child, whether at home or at school and try to resolve the problem. Pressurizing your child unnecessarily when it comes to schoolwork or extracurricular activities could also lead to bed wetting.
Stopping bed wetting does not require any complicated treatment, a structured lifestyle, adequate sleep, the absence of stress and anxiety and your own patience and understanding will help in getting rid of the problem.