Diarrhea is characterized by the elimination of loose, liquid (or watery, instead of solid) stools more than thrice within a 24-hour period. A person who suffers from diarrhea may also suffer from muscle pains, tummy swelling, nausea, and a frequently occurring need to use the toilet. Someone with this condition has difficulty in absorbing water and minerals quickly and properly.
Functional diarrhea is commonly caused by overeating or eating spoiled, putrefied foods, as well as incomplete digestion. Other common causes include habitual use of cathartics, nervous tension, endocrine disturbance, and association with a disease such as sprue and pellagra. Organic diarrhea, on the other hand, is due to external poison or toxin, bacterial, or protozoan invasion. It may also accompany certain diseases such as tuberculosis, amoebic dysentery, typhoid fever, viral hepatitis, chronic ulcerative colitis, regional ileitis or gastrointestinal tract malignancy/tumor, and enteritis or enzyme deficiencies. These deficiencies result in poor digestion and absorption of carbohydrates. In some other cases, however, the cause of diarrhea is unknown.
There are two key techniques stop diarrhea quickly: drinking lots of fluids and BRAT or Bland Diet.
Drinking lots of fluids replaces the lost ions and minerals in the body, which was excreted every time you defecate. It also replaces the fluid lost every time you vomit. Drink clear fluids and avoid caffeine and milk. These can hasten the improvement of your condition. Water therapy is advised because water contains minerals like sodium, potassium, magnesium, manganese, iron, copper and calcium. These minerals are called electrolytes and prevent dehydration or water loss. Severe diarrhea can lead to dehydration, which, in turn, can lead to more serious problems. In worst cases, for example, dehydration can cause death. ORESOL or Oral Rehydration Solution, a liquid mix of plain water and electrolytes, is usually given to a patient with diarrhea. This prevents water imbalance and electrolyte imbalance. Electrolyte replacing drinks such as Gatorade also helps in preventing dehydration.
The other quick-fix for diarrhea is the so-called BRAT diet. This is an acronym for banana, rice, applesauce, and toast. This kind of diet consists of bland, low-fiber foods that are easy to digest while at the same time help you recover from diarrhea quickly. Anyone with an upset stomach can tolerate a BRAT diet very well.
The BRAT diet has other forms or variations. One very helpful variety of BRAT for settling an upset stomach is BRATY, where Y stands for yogurt. A person inflicted with diarrhea is suggested to ingest probiotic yogurt. Probiotic yogurts have probiotic cultured bacteria, which ease the symptoms of diarrhea and shortens the period of suffering from loose bowel movement and upset stomach. Banana on the other hand is rich in potassium and it also contains pectin. Pectin aids in improving stool formation. Apples are also added in the patient’s diet because of its pectin content. A person with diarrhea is discouraged to eat greasy, fiber-rich, and sweet foods.
In many cases, you can stop diarrhea quickly on your own with these In many cases, you can stop diarrhea quickly on your own with these do-it-yourself remedies. However, if diarrhea persists for over three days and you suffer from severe pain in the abdomen or rectum, a fever of 102 degrees Fahrenheit or higher, blood in the stool or black tarry stools, and signs of dehydration, you should consult your physician immediately.