It is not natural for gums to bleed. It is a sign that something is wrong. Bleeding gums are not a mystery. There are known causes for bleeding gums. By following the tips below, the cause can be discovered and be dealt with.
- Checking for bleeding gums. Use a mirror to check for bleeding gums. It is a good idea to determine which parts of the mouth have bleeding gums. Check if the gums bleed when touched or brushed. If gums bleed when touched it means that the condition is serious. Sometimes gums may bleed while being brushed. Do not be easily alarmed if this is the case.
- Reasons for bleeding gums. There are primarily two reasons for bleeding gums. The first is plaque. Scratch teeth with fingernail to check if there is plaque build up. Plaque is made up of microorganisms and extracellular matrix. Though the microorganisms are naturally present in the mouth, the steady buildup, if not controlled by brushing, creates a thick layer known as plaque. This layer on a tooth’s surface creates anaerobic respiration, which produces acid. This acid seeps in through the gums and damages both teeth and gums, causing bleeding. This is commonly known as gingivitis.
The second cause of bleeding gums is called pocketing. Pocketing occurs when gum tissue detaches itself from the tooth surface causing spaces between. These spaces or “pockets” inadvertently gather food and bacteria. The food and bacteria then damages the gum tissue and the tooth below the gumline, causing it to bleed. It will not be easy to determine if pocketing is the cause. A dentist will be needed to do so.
- Consult a dentist. Both causes of gum bleeding can be dangerous when neglected or ignored. The forming of plaque will cause the tooth to dislodge once the gum around it is damaged. Pocketing will continue to cause bleeding and will eventually damage gums causing nerve endings to hurt and the teeth to decay.
Consult a dentist whenever gum bleeding occurs. It is better to take steps to take care of it as soon as possible. Visit a dentist every 3-6 months.
- Brush teeth. Brush teeth at least two times a day. Brush in the morning as well as in the evening before sleeping. Plaque buildup increases when the oral cavity has no activity, such as when you are sleeping.
- Rinse with mouthwash. Use mouthwash to clean hard to reach spaces. Mouthwash is also effective in killing bacteria. When suffering from bleeding gums, it is recommended to use mouthwash at least once a day for at least one week.
- Routinely floss. Flossing is a good way to eliminate plaque between teeth. It is very effective. Regular flossing can cut down plaque buildup more than brushing and rinsing with mouthwash combined. Floss regularly after brushing. Floss lightly and slowly to avoid damaging the gums.
Taking care of bleeding gums is easy. All it requires is keeping a dental hygiene routine.