Accidents can happen anywhere. Worse, it could happen at the time you least expect. At least, with your first aid knowledge, you know what to do. You might be able to save a life by simply knowing how to treat a closed fracture.
Here’s the step-by-step procedure on how to deal with closed fracture during first aid:
Control the bleeding. This is your very first consideration when dealing with closed fracture. There are many ways you can do to control the bleeding. First, lay the patient to a comfortable area. Elevate the fractured area about six to 10 inches above the patient’s heart. This will already lessen circulation of blood in the fracture and therefore reduce bleeding.
Wrap a dressing around the fractured area. Apply direct pressure also. Continue dressing and applying direct pressure until the bleeding is controlled. Never wrap too tight, though. Blood still has to be supplied to the area.
Loosen or remove tight clothing, jewelries, watches, or anything worn by the patient that could hinder better blood circulation.
Put over a cold pack on the fractured area to stop the bleeding. You can use ice, too, as long as you don’t apply this directly on the skin. Wrap it with a piece of cloth to prevent frostbite. Don’t keep the ice on for a long period, though. It should stay only up to about 5 minutes. Remove the ice packs and have the fracture rest from the cold for about 3 minutes before you put the ice packs again.
Apply the splint around the fractured area. You can buy splints from your nearest drugstore. You’re lucky if you have the commercially available one in your first aid kit. You simply have to put the splint on a softer area that could help prevent any movement of the fractured area. Any movement is not only very painful but can also worsen the fracture.
If you don’t have this special splint, you can use other materials like folded newspapers, cartons, or wooden sticks. You have to wrap the splint with bandage or a piece of cloth to hold it in placed. When knotting, make sure that you have knotted the bandage or clothe so as the splint won’t promote fracture movement. Double the knot or triple it just to make sure.
Check the patient’s sensory and pulse motor. Touch the affected area. Ask the patient if he can feel your touch. If yes, then he’s responding well. Ask the patient also to move his toes. If he can, then his motor is okay, too.
Give ibuprofen. Ask the patient if the fracture is still painful after doing all the steps above. If pain is still there, then give the patient one tablet of ibuprofen. This should lessen the pain.
Treat other injuries. Check the patient if he is feeling other pain in other areas of his body. Better yet, check the patient’s body for any wounds or scratches. Treat those immediately while waiting for the ambulance or rescue team.
Even though you are not a professional, knowing how to treat common injuries like closed fracture is very important. Remember, you can never be too prepared for anything. So, read and study more about doing proper first aid for different scenarios and be prepared.