Anemia is a disease where there are low levels of hemoglobin in the blood, which is vital in distributing oxygen throughout the body. This is caused by many factors such as bleeding, nutritional deficiency, heredity, and exposure to toxic substances. Symptoms of anemia include shortness of breath, tiredness, dizziness, paleness and jaundice. Here is how to treat the different kinds of anemia:
Iron deficiency anemia is caused by regular bleeding such as menstruation and gastrointestinal bleeding or increase of demand in iron such as during pregnancy. This can be cured by taking iron supplements in the dose recommended by your doctor. To prevent side effects such as stomachaches and dizziness, take the supplements after a meal. Continue taking supplements until the iron in your body is restored to normal levels. However, if the bleeding has not ceased or it is not due to regular bodily processes, go to a doctor to find out the cause of the blood loss and receive the proper treatment.
Anemia may be due to nutritional deficiency. Pernicious anemia is caused by a lack of vitamin B-12 that is necessary for the production of hemoglobin. Administering vitamin B-12 intramuscularly can treat this condition. When you are diagnosed with pernicious anemia, you will receive several injections per week, but it will gradually decrease to one shot every 3 months.
Folic acid deficiency anemia is treated by folic acid supplements taken orally once a day. You could also treat nutritional deficiency anemia by eating vitamin-rich food such as fruits and vegetables.
Hemolytic anemia occurs when antibodies destroy red blood cells prematurely. This may be hereditary such as the case of thalassemia and sickle cell anemia. This may also be acquired through getting a disease like lymphoma or coming into contact with excessive levels of toxic substances such as copper and lead. This is treated by eradicating infections by the use of medicine, which don't suppress the immune system, and also by transfusing blood regularly until the anemia is cured.
Sickle cell anemia is a disease where red blood cells are sickle-shaped and can't pass through your blood vessels. You will be given pain relievers, antibiotics, oxygen, and fluids through oral and intravenous means. You will receive blood transfusions and drugs used to treat cancer.
Aplastic anemia is a rare kind of anemia where the bone marrow fails to produce blood cells. The cause of this is not yet known but certain chemicals have been known to cause aplastic anemia. This is treated by steroids, but if they don't, then your spleen may be surgically removed. You will be given blood transfusions and antibiotics. If you have succumbed to leukemia, you will receive chemotherapy and a bone marrow transplant.
This is a basic outline on how anemia is treated. If you think you have anemia, it is best if you seek professional help from a doctor or a health care team. You will be tested whether you have anemia, what kind of anemia you have and you will be given appropriate treatments, which is much better than self-diagnosis and self-medication.