Due to the rigors and stresses of daily life, many people around the world suffer from anxiety and depression. Depression is diagnosed by a psychiatrist when a patient exhibits signs such as lack of drive, excessive sleeping or sleeplessness, lethargy, suicidal ideations and antisocial behavior. These guidelines are lifted from the DSM-IV, which is considered a top reference material for psychiatrists all over the world.
The drug industry has been successful in coming up with medications that directly combat the symptoms of anxiety and psychotic depression. These drugs have been known to help anxiety stricken patients go about their daily lives without much need for other interventions. In addition, anxiety drugs can also be used to treat other conditions and disorders, which may be related to the brain and the nervous system. Here are some of the medications that are used to treat anxiety and depression.
- Hydroxyzine is a drug commonly used to stop the sudden onset of panic or anxiety attacks. Anxiety attacks usually paralyze an individual both physically and mentally, and therefore these can be very dangerous if left untreated. This drug has quick efficacy and can address an attack within minutes of ingestion. This is a perfect drug for those with really severe cases of anxiety. This type of medication is also usually administered to patients awaiting surgery. While they may be psychologically healthy, surgery patients are given Hydroxyzine to prevent sudden onsets of anxiety attacks, and to control possible allergic reactions, as the drug is also an antihistamine. It is generally safe to use for patients two years old and above.
- Prozac is one of the most well known anti-depression drugs. Apart from treating depression, Prozac is also administered to treat other conditions, like the eating disorder bulimia, obsessive-compulsive disorder and even pre-menstrual syndrome. Prozac is known to keep patients from certain compulsions, and will liven up the mood of a depressed person. With a generic name fluoxetine, Prozac is a controlled substance and can be addicting. Therefore, the drug can only be purchased with a proper doctor’s prescription. Prescriptions are usually surrendered to the pharmacist, and can only be used once.
- Sertraline is one of the best known drugs against depression. Just like Prozac, it aids in making a patient feel better by brightening up his mood. Sertraline works by inhibiting certain chemicals in the brain that would trigger bad feelings or reinvigorate bad memories. The trade name for this drug is Zoloft.
- The most recent addition to the anti-depression drug line is escitolapram. Studies have proved that it decreases the rate of suicide among depressed patients, compared to a treatment group treated with Sertraline.
Anxiety and depression are usually symptomatic of individuals, families and societies that are constantly under stress. With the millions of individuals at potential risk, prescription drugs for anxiety and depression are quite popular in pharmacies and hospitals. Because of potential side effects and other hazards like addiction, though, these popular drugs are also controlled substances and are only available with a valid prescription.